For the purpose of this study, the global tuberculosis diagnostics market is segmented into test types which includes radiographic methods, laboratory methods, nucleic acid testing, phage assay, cytokine detection test, detection of drug resistance, and Mantoux test
Systemic investigations included a Full blood count (FBC), Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate (ESR), C-Reaction Protein (CRP), Liver Function Tests (LFTs), Renal Function Tests (RFTs), Mantoux Test
, Angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) level, Toxoplasma test, Anti Nuclear Antibodies (ANA), Rheumatoid Factor (RF), and Venereal Disease Research Laboratory test (VDRL).
The Mantoux test
was performed using 1 tuberculin unit (0.
Routine tests including complete blood count, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), Mantoux test
(purified protein derivative skin test), chest radiography, transnasal fiberoptic laryngoscopy, cervical and abdominal ultrasound, and sputum examination for acid-fast bacilli were also performed in all of the patients.
Clinically diagnosed cases of pulmonary TB undergoing sputum smear examination, Mantoux test
and X-ray chest were included in the study.
The global tuberculosis diagnostics market segmentation is based on test type (smear microscopy, culture based tests, nucleic acid testing, Mantoux test
, radiography, drug susceptibility testing, serological tests, IGRA, etc.
Serum ANA was negative, Mantoux test
was nonreactive, TSH 1.
ESR was high (34), Mantoux test
was positive(15 mm).
10,11) Most reported MAC-infected patients had a positive Mantoux test
and persistent pyuria.
The tuberculine sensitivity assay, also called Mantoux test
, is the standard procedure to diagnose TB.
Investigations may reveal an increased ESR, CRP, positive Mantoux test
and TB-PCR but diagnosis is established by culture or a biopsy showing caseating granulomas lined by epitheloid cells and Langhans giant cells, The interferon gamma test by T-SPOT has been reported in literature for making a diagnosis (3).
Analyzing patient's data retrospectively a negative Mantoux test
in an adult diabetic signifies deranged immunity attracting fungal infections.