Mantoux test


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Financial, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

Man·toux test

 (măn-to͞o′, män-)
n.
A tuberculin test in which a small amount of tuberculin is injected under the skin.

[After Charles Mantoux (1877-1947), French physician.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

Mantoux test

(mænˈtuː; French mɑ̃tu)
n
(Medicine) med a test for determining the presence of a tubercular infection by injecting tuberculin into the skin
[C19: named after C. Mantoux, French physician (1877–1956)]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

Man•toux′ test`

(mænˈtu, mɑ̃-, ˈmæn tu)

n.
a test for tuberculosis in which a hypersensitive reaction to an intracutaneous injection of tuberculin indicates a previous or current infection.
[after C. Mantoux (1877–1947), French physician]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Mantoux test - tuberculin (a derivative of tubercle bacillus) is injected intradermallyMantoux test - tuberculin (a derivative of tubercle bacillus) is injected intradermally; a red area appearing 1-3 days later signifies an exposure (past or present) to tubercle bacilli and the need for further testing
tuberculin skin test, tuberculin test - a skin test to determine past or present infection with the tuberculosis bacterium; based on hypersensitivity of the skin to tuberculin
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
The analysis of the pathological material revealed granulomas in the intraepididymal tissue that manifest necrosis in the center (Figure 1a) along with non-necrotising small granulomas and granulomatous vasculitis affecting the medium- and small-diameter veins at multiple spots and causing necrosis on the blood vessel walls (Figure 1b)." Among the tests carried out for the purpose of differential diagnosis in the light of this result, only the Mantoux test turned out positive.
Majority of the patients 44 (84.6%) Mantoux test was positive, while in 8 (15.4%) patients Mantoux test was negative.
He had been to various hospitals and investigations including blood complete picture, blood culture and sensitivity, mantoux test and bone marrow aspiration and trephine biopsy were carried out.
Further investigations for the evidence of active tuberculosis showed negative results; the Mantoux test result was negative (0 mm), and acid-fast bacilli direct stain as well as culture was negative.
In addition, a negative Mantoux test cannot be relied upon to exclude the diagnosis, as the Mantoux test has been negative in several biopsy-proven cases reported in the literature [9, 10].
The Mantoux test (before immunosuppressant therapy) was negative.
Systemic investigations included a Full blood count (FBC), Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate (ESR), C-Reaction Protein (CRP), Liver Function Tests (LFTs), Renal Function Tests (RFTs), Mantoux Test, Angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) level, Toxoplasma test, Anti Nuclear Antibodies (ANA), Rheumatoid Factor (RF), and Venereal Disease Research Laboratory test (VDRL).
Routine tests including complete blood count, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), Mantoux test (purified protein derivative skin test), chest radiography, transnasal fiberoptic laryngoscopy, cervical and abdominal ultrasound, and sputum examination for acid-fast bacilli were also performed in all of the patients.
Serologic data concerning active or previous infections due to HBV (HBsAg, HBsAb, and HBcAb), HCV (HCVAb), EBV (VCA-IgG), VZV (VZV-IgG), CMV (CMV-IgG), and TBC (Mantoux test and/or QuantiFERON-TB Gold test and/or chest X-ray) (Mantoux test: tuberculin units of purified protein derivative, Tubertest, Sano Pasteur, MSD, Lyon, France; QuantiFERON-TB Gold test: QuantiFERON-TB Gold, Qiagen, Hilden, Germany) were collected.
Her pulmonary TB work-up including chest X-ray, sputum acid fast bacilli (AFB), and Mantoux test was negative.
Additional data indicate that it may exhibit better sensitivity than Mantoux test in confirming ocular tuberculosis [12].