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 (mä-po͞o′chā, -chĕ)
n. pl. Mapuche or Ma·pu·ches
1. A member of a South American Indian people inhabiting south-central Chile.
2. The Araucanian language of the Mapuche. Also called Mapudungun.

[Mapuche : mapu, earth + che, people.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(ˌær ɔˈkeɪ ni ən)

1. a member of an American Indian people of S central Chile and adjacent areas of Argentina.
2. the language of the Araucanians.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Since the decision to build the dam (Central Hidroelectrica Ralco), which the government says is needed to satisfy growing energy demands, confrontations between the indigenous communities and the carabineros (militarized police) in the Bio Bio and Araucania regions of Chile have left a trail of dead, wounded, and detained and have brought international attention to the plight of the Mapuche people. About 1.5 million Mapuches live in Chile.
In one of several reports that the London-based BBC has dedicated to the topic, Claudio Millacura Salas, a Mapuche expert and professor at the Universidad de Chile, explained how in both Chile and Argentina, "the Mapuche people were violently expelled and their lands occupied." He also recalled that children who spoke Mapudungun (the indigenous language of the Mapuches) were punished and taken to concentration camps.
2005 Mapuche Person, Mapuche People. Individual and Society in Indigenous Southern Chile.
This qualitative case study focuses on teachers' perceptions of their preparation to teach Mapudungun, the language of the Mapuche people, in urban IBE preschools in Chile.
Contributors to the political discussions include Victor Figueroa Clarke; Adam Feinstein; Jeremy Corbyn MP; Mike Gatehouse, Secretary of the Chile Solidarity Committee in the '70s, and a representative of the Mapuche people.