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An assembly plant in Mexico, especially one along the border between the United States and Mexico, to which foreign materials and parts are shipped and from which the finished product is returned to the original market.

[American Spanish, place where the miller's fee is paid, maquiladora, from Spanish maquila, portion received by the miller in return for milling one's grain, from Old Spanish, from Arabic makīla, measured, measure of capacity, feminine passive participle of kāla, to measure; see kwl in Semitic roots.]


(məˌkiːləˈdɔːrə) or


(Industrial Relations & HR Terms) a foreign-owned factory in Mexico which uses cheap Mexican labour to assemble products and then exports the products back to the country of origin


(məˌki ləˈdɔr ə)
n., pl. -ras.
a factory run by a U.S. company in Mexico to take advantage of cheap labor and lax regulation.
[1975–80; < Mexican Spanish < Sp maquilar to assemble]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.maquiladora - an assembly plant in Mexico (near the United States border)maquiladora - an assembly plant in Mexico (near the United States border); parts are shipped into Mexico and the finished product is shipped back across the border
assembly plant - a factory where manufactured parts are assembled into a finished product
U.S.A., United States, United States of America, US, USA, America, the States, U.S. - North American republic containing 50 states - 48 conterminous states in North America plus Alaska in northwest North America and the Hawaiian Islands in the Pacific Ocean; achieved independence in 1776
References in periodicals archive ?
1) Even when the average annual growth of the maquiladora s demand for domestic containers, packing, and raw material input is 23% per year, the maquiladoras vertical in tegration is less than 3% of the total maquiladora's demand for the mentioned inputs; the rest of the factors are imported.
According to Jimenez and Ponce (in press: 1-50) the dynamic growth in inputs demand by the maquiladora--along with supply restrictions and costly finance access for the domestic suppliers, among other reasons--might account for the lack of integration of the maquiladora's industry with the Mexican suppliers.
Federal tax return from the companies' combined records, an additional entry in the books that reflects a maquiladora's separate company revenue and a corresponding expense to the U.