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(Placename) the ancient name for Samarkand
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ˌsæm ərˈkænd)

a city in SE Uzbekistan: taken by Alexander the Great 329 B.C.; Tamerlane's capital in the 14th century. 388,000.
Ancient, Maracanda.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
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At a banquet--held, according to the historical record, in Maracanda (modern Samarkand in Uzbekistan) in November 328 B.C.E.--Cleitus, under the influence of wine, questions Alexander's despotic behavior and orientalization policy.
In Stone's film, the kiss between Alexander and Bagoas paves the way for the clash with Cleitus the Black (mentioned above), which takes place at a banquet held not in Maracanda, as indicated by the historical record, but in India.