If the European cultural adventure was to continue--and it should, given its singular nature and signal contributions to humanity--something he called "cultural Marcionism
" would have to be overcome.
(30) The lectionary as it stands can also encourage heresy within its own body of believers, namely, Marcionism
, among the earliest and most seductive of all heresies.
The Catholic Church had already at its beginning, in the controversy with Marcionism
, made clear that the Hebrew Bible is part of her own tradition, because Christ, the Son of the God of Israel and the Son of the Jewish Virgin Mary, can only be understood from the point of view of the Jewish tradition.
was the refusal to accept the Old Testament as part of the Church's patrimony.
(43-44, emphasis mine) Here Bede offers not only a picture of Christ as the Way or gate into an interior relationship with the Wisdom of God but also, contra Marcionism
, a remarkably condensed account of the integral relationship between the Old and New Testaments.
While I sympathize with the limitations that probably make it necessary to paint broadly, there is an element of carelessness in Leithart's argument--for example, in his suggestion that anything less than embracing a normative ethic based on the Old Testament battles amounts to some form of Marcionism
This is blatant Marcionism
, which devalues the first part of the two-part Christian Bible--namely the Bible of Israel --to insignificance."
To this list might be added some forms of dualism such as Bogomilism, Catharism, Gnosticism, Mandaeanism, Manicheism, Marcionism
, Paulicainism, Tondrakianism, Zoroastrianism, and Zurvanism.
prevailed, Christianity would have largely been cut off from its Jewish roots, and therefore would have had little interest in Jews and Judaism.
Thus, the second part, "Heresies and Orthodoxies," discusses the range of Christian reactions to Judaism and its Scriptures, from the Ebionite position of adherence to Jewish law and denial of Jesus' divinity, to the rejection of the "Old Testament" along with all Jewish elements and the complete divinization of Christ found in Marcionism
. The third section, "The Quest for Orthodoxy," shows how orthodoxy came to be defined and the tools that were used in its formation, by the time of Eusebius of Caesarea's Church History and the Council of Nicea in 325.
Finally, Hunt neglects to define fully important terms such as "Valentinian," "Encratist,'" and "Marcionism
" upon first use, thus creating a potentially frustrating atmosphere for readers who do not have such distinctions at their fingertips.
In their "saving" witness, the Holy Father has said, the Jews show themselves still to be "heirs of the prophets." It is this acknowledgment, one might add, which, rigorously put forth, preserves the Church's proclamation from the charge of Marcionism