However, as He is our Lord (because by changing to improve ourselves we choose His kindness and when we insist on sin His severity is absolute), He is simultaneously good and severe." (Origen 1981: 371) This commentary of Origen was directed against the Marcionites
who believed that the God of the Old Testament was vengeful and wrathful and the God of the New Testament is good, loving and forgiving.
First, the Baptists were DANGEROUS, theologically and politically, because of "their affinity with many other damnable Heretics, both Ancient and later." This guilt-by-association list of their heretical soulmates includes such ecclesiastically condemned doctrinal miscreants as "millenarians," "Marcionites
, Novatians, and Donatists," along with "Polygamists, Jesuits, and Arminians." Baptists, he says, also promote "other damnable doctrines, tending to carnal liberty, familism, and a medley and hodge-podge of all Religions." Featley concluded: "So in one Anabaptist you have many Heretiques...
According to Canon 95 of the Quinisext Ecumenical Council, Arians, Macedonians, Novatians (Cathari), Aristeri, Tetradites, and Apollinarians ought to be received on their presentation of certificates of faith and on their anathematizing every heresy by the anointing of the holy chrism, as opposed to Paulianists, Eunomeans, Montanists, and Sabellians, who ought to be rebaptized, while Manichoeans, Valentinians, Marcionites
, Nestorians, Eutychians, Dioscorus, Severus, and all of similar heresies ought to give certificates of faith and anathematize each his own heresy in order to participate in the eucharist.
From the time that he read Tertullian writing against Marcion, Muntzer concluded that the luminaries of his time, Luther and Erasmus, as well as Egranus, were all, to some extent, Marcionites
. They were insufficiently aware of what Muntzer regarded as a fact: that the Old Testament ranked equally with the New as a witness to the Spirit of God.
To do this, he takes account of recent advances in understanding Polycarp, Papias, the Marcionites
, Montanists, Valentinians, and second-century Rome.
Arguing against the Marcionites
and the Manicheans, some of the Church Fathers, including Origen and Augustine, denied that the genocidal passages should be taken literally.
The Judaeo-Christians and Marcionites
, it seems, were long gone by that time.
How helpful are the careful distinctions among the Gnostics, Arians and Marcionites
, if Shakespeare doesn't dwell on the fine points of orthodoxy or heresy in his plays?
Even though all accept the thirty-nine books of Hebrew scriptures as canonical, in practice many churches function either as virtual Marcionites
, treating the Hebrew scriptures as irrelevant or superseded, or see in them far more prophetic Christology than is warranted.
To understand the potential here, and the impulses that led to this, one would find it helpful to have had a capsule presentation and assessment of the other paradigms, such as those offered by Arianism, Donatism, or the Marcionites
. This second part raises other intriguing and important issues.
His intellectual opponents included the heretic Marcionites
and Valentinians, and the pagan Cynic Crescens.
Also refuted is the error of the Manicheans and Marcionites
, who condemn this law as wicked.