Maria de' Medici

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Maria de' Medici

(Italian maˈriːa de ˈmɛːditʃi)
n
(Biography) French name Marie de Médicis. 1573–1642, queen of France (1600–10) by marriage to Henry IV of France; daughter of Francesco, grand duke of Tuscany. She became regent for her son (later Louis XIII) but continued to wield power after he came of age (1614). She was finally exiled from France in 1631 after plotting to undermine Richelieu's influence at court
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It is remarkable for the strength of its construction,--a style of building introduced by Marie de' Medici. Though built of granite,--a stone which is hard to work,--its angles, and the casings of the doors and windows, are decorated with corner blocks cut into diamond facets.
It was built between 1611 and 1630 by Marie de' Medici - the widow of King Henry IV, of France, as a garden of the Luxembourg Palace.
There are no fewer than 14 sheets by Rubens, including a delicate Sartoesque Virgin from the Italian years, a study for a river god in Vienna's Four Rivers, fluent black chalk studies of hands, draperies and angels, a portrait of Marie de' Medici (Fig.
As regent, his widow, Marie de' Medici, reversed certain policies of his, particularly the traditional anti-Habsburg position, which she overturned by arranging marriages with Spanish Habsburgs, and she spent the treasury surplus, and more, on extravagant gifts and pursuits, until her son Louis XIII seized power (1617).
But looking glasses were still difficult to make and considered special enough to be a gift to the queen consort of France, Marie de' Medici on her first-born son from the Venetian Republic in 1601.
Nelson's study, a revision of his Oxford dissertation, covers the reign of Henry IV, 1590-1610, and the first five years of young Louis XIII when his mother, Marie de' Medici, served as regent.