The littoral area ([approximately equal to]30 km-wide Atlantic Ocean coastal band between the cities of Awala-Yalimapo and Ouanary) and the lower part of the Maroni River
bordering Suriname (between the cities of Maripasoula and Saint-Laurent du Maroni) are considered malaria free, but this status may not reflect malaria transmission in the inland rainforest (2-4).
The Ndjuka Maroons, then living along the Maroni River
in Suriname, crossed over en masse, and French authorities found them convenient lodgings in what were diplomatically described as "renovated barracks." Nowadays, many of these Ndjuka (along with Maroons from the Paramaka and Saramaka groups) live on the outskirts of St-Laurent in concrete apartment or traditional wood structure housing developments with official names like The Iceberg and The Coal-Woman whose etymology is unclear.
FEAR gave me energy as I paddled the canoe across the mile-wide Maroni river
in pitch darkness, expecting a gunboat to appear at any moment.
The Wayana Amerindians of French Guiana live along the Maroni River
and depend upon its fish as a significant source of food.
The voyage up the Maroni river
to the land once thought to be El Dorado is given added spice when the authorities delegate an Arab murderer to the expedition.
The study was conducted over 7 days in two different seasons in the four most populated Wayana villages on the upper part of the Maroni River
(521 people; 70% of the Wayana population in French Guiana).
In March 1998, an Amerindian woman living in a forest area on the Maroni River
was admitted to the health center in Maripasoula, French Guiana, with fever, headache, abdominal pain, vomiting, and diarrhea.