Bianco lays the groundwork for this view by arguing that Mao was ill-informed about Marxism-Leninism
, which he learned about mainly by reading and re-reading Stalin's tendentious History of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (Bolsheviks): Short Course--or at any rate reading and re-reading the concluding sections of each chapter (as he once, apparently, admitted to doing).
He raised up the banner of socialism, Marxism-Leninism
and proletarian internationalism and remained faithful to these ideals until the end.
Ideologically a communist, he developed a variant of Marxism known as Leninism; his ideas were posthumously codified as Marxism-Leninism
, Nazism, Stalinism and Maoism, which left millions of people dead, Xiism promises to impose significant long-term costs on untold numbers of innocent people.
The newspaper should play a pioneering role in protecting the sound guidelines and viewpoints of the Party, Marxism-Leninism
and Ho Chi Minh's Thought, and the goals of national independence and socialism, he said.
Blunt, an Honorary Fellow of Trinity College, was several years older than Burgess, Maclean, and Philby and he acted as a talentspotter and recruiter for most of the group save Burgess All of the five were ideologically persuaded that the Marxism-Leninism
of Soviet Communism was the best available political system, and especially the best defence against the rise of fascism.
But the Chinese government, whose ruling Communist Party officially embraces Marxism-Leninism
, decided a tribute was in order on the 200th anniversary of his birth this month.
However, the constitutional amendment has changed the picture, with the 'Thoughts of President Xi Jinping' incorporated into the constitution along with the principles of Marxism-Leninism
, the 'Thoughts of Chairman Mao', the 'Deng Xiaoping Theory' and the 'Theory of Three Represents' propounded by former president Jiang Zemin.
The amendment, was adopted at the first session of the 13th NPC with an overwhelming majority, wrote Xi's thought into the Constitution's preamble, along with other guiding theories including Marxism-Leninism
, Mao Zedong Thought, Deng Xiaoping Theory, and the Theory of Three Represents.
According to the agreement, the name of the unified party shall be the Nepal Communist Party while its guiding principle shall be Marxism-Leninism
. Similarly, the ideological line of the party shall be based on the People's Multiparty Democracy as propounded by the then CPNUML's late leader Madan Bhandari.
The Constitution juxtaposes Xi's thought with Marxism-Leninism
, Mao Zedong Thought, Deng Xiaoping Theory, the Theory of the Three Represents and Scientific Outlook on Development.
Though both Socialism and Communism originated in the thought of Karl Marx, says Sabry, the two movements saw different paths to the Utopian Communist stage of society--Socialism working through democratic processes both internally and externally, and Communism, or Marxism-Leninism
establishing a centralized and highly hierarchical party structure and inclining toward insurrection and revolution.