Pathology is a specialty not generally associated with high-risk burnout, Saint Martin acknowledges, but a 2016 Maslach
Burnout Inventory of pathology providers at LHS in suburban Chicago, Illinois, revealed a burnout rate nearly equal to the 68 percent of their clinical colleagues.
Leiter and Maslach
divided occupational burnout into three components, which are emotional exhaustion, depersonalisation (cynicism) and reduced personal accomplishment.2 Emotional exhaustion refers to an individual's decline in emotional and physical resources.
 and the Maslach
Burnout Inventory--General Survey (MBI-GS)  has become the most commonly used measure in international research to assess burnout .
Burnout is prevalent amongst workers involved in helping professions like teachers, psychologists and physicians.1 It is commonly high among healthcare professionals.2 Burnout is a state of chronic stress causing various levels of physical and psychological exhaustion suffered by the individual.3 In 1981, Maslach
and Jackson defined burnout as a three-dimensional syndrome of emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and lack of personal accomplishment.4
Burnout is a clinical complex described as a professional occupational disease that results from the cumulative work-related stress commonly experienced by service-oriented professionals, such as health care professionals (Felton, 1998; Maslach
& Leiter, 2016; Vicente et al., 2014; Wressle & Samuelsson, 2014).
e Jackson (1981) delinearam o que conhecemos como Sindrome de Burnout (Mesquita et al., 2012).
Data were collected using anonymous self-report measures consisting of three parts: (1) questions on the sociodemographic characteristics of the sample (age, gender, race, home language, marital status, highest qualification and current residence), (2) the Maslach
Burnout Inventory (MBI) questionnaire and (3) the World Health Organization Quality of Life Assessment (WHOQOL-BREF) survey.
Since the 1970s, burnout has been a widely recognized individual as well as the organizational problem that relates to peoples work-relationship and their subsequent difficulties that may arise in the relationship (Maslach
, Schaufeli, & Leiter, 2001).
The way, this term can be operationalized, differs in varied aspects due to following certain frameworks and models (Maslach
, 1982; Leiter, 1993; Pines, 1993; Schaufeli and Enzmann, 1998).
Burnout can be described as a specific type of occupational stress comprised of three correlated, but conceptually distinct, dimensions (Maslach
& Jackson, 1981).
El burnout es una respuesta del individuo al estres laboral cronico (Maslach
et al., 2001); una experiencia subjetiva interna que agrupa sentimientos y actitudes con un cariz negativo para el sujeto, dado que implica alteraciones, problemas y disfunciones psicofisiologicas con consecuencias nocivas para la persona y para la organizacion (Gil-Monte, 2005).
In the 1980s, Maslach
defined burnout as the presence of three dimensions: emotional exhaustion, depersonalization (cynicism), and low personal accomplishment among workers (Maslach