Alcohols compounds reported in termites are: 5E,9E-2,6,10-trimethylundecadien-1-ol (in Mastotermes
darwiniensis, Porotermes adamsoni and Stolotermes victoriensis), 4,6-dimethylundecan-1-ol (in Hodotermopsis sjostedti) (Bordereau & Pasteels, 2010), (3Z)dodec-3-en-1-ol (in Macrotermes annandalei M.
mycotoxinivorans isolated from the hind gut of a lower termite (Mastotermes
darwiniensis) has the ability to detoxify mycotoxins such as OTA and zearalenone (Politis et al., 2005; Hanif et al., 2008, 2012).
Mycetocytes, which are specialized fat body cells harboring uricolytic bacteria, have been identified from only one termite species, Mastotermes
darwiniensis (Bandi and Sacchi 2000).
Este tipo de bacteria ya habia sido reportado por Ramin et al., (2008) en el intestino de termitas Coptotermes curvignathus demostrando que eran microorganismos anaerobios facultativos Gram (-), mientras que Kuhnigk et al., (1994) aislo bacterias Enterobacter aerogenes con capacidad para degradar monomeros de lignina de termitas Mastotermes
darwiniensis y Nasutitermes nigriceps.
The test termites were Coptotermes acinaciformis (Froggatt) and Mastotermes
darwiniensis Froggatt, which were obtained from the Northern Territory near Darwin, Australia.
A COII sequence from mastotermes
darwiniensis Froggatt (Cameron et al.
Caste development in Mastotermes
and Kalotermes: Which is primitive?
In study of hindgut microbes of the unique wood-feeding termite Mastotermes
darwiniensis (Froggatt), the only extant member of its genus, we sought ecto-and endosymbionts in and on one of its protists: the giant trichomonad Mixotricha paradoxa (Sutherland).
It populates the intestine of the Australian termite, Mastotermes
darwinensis, where it performs the essential service of breaking down the cellulose ingested by its accommodating host (Margulis and McMenamin, 1993; Mayr, 1974).
These species, except for Mastotermes
, are known as "lower termites" because they were the first termites to evolve from cockroaches.
Termites also store uric acid in fat body, but only one species, Mastotermes
darwiniensis, harbors uricolytic bacteria there.