It can be traced back to the Dreyfus Affair, when the virulently anti-Semitic writer Maurice Barres
warned that immigrants wanted to impose their way of life on France and that it would spell the "ruin of our fatherland." "They are in contradiction to our civilisation," Barres wrote in 1900.
Comme le souligne l'homme politique francais Maurice Barres
''ou manque la force, le droit disparait ; ou apparait la force, le droit commence de rayonner.'' A bon entendeur, salut!
The following year, the first edition of the Repertoire was greeted by an article from the young Maurice Barres
, a Bourget protege who, aged twenty-four, had yet to publish his first novel.
Au debut du XX-e siecle, son salon attire l'elite intellectuelle, litteraire et artistique de l'epoque parmi lesquels on peut mentionner: Edmond Rostand, Paul Claudel, Paul Valery Colette, Andre Gide, Maurice Barres
, Frederic Mistral et beaucoup d'autres.
To emphasize how contested the ideological terrain is within any particular avant-garde, he recounts the squabble within Paris Dada that produced both the sober, Breton-helmed 1921 mock trial of Maurice Barres
, through which Breton and Aragon attempted to expulse Tristan Tzara, and Tzara's retaliatory "trial" of Breton, which degenerated into a Tzara-approved melee.
In the French Lorraine, where Maurice Barres
' ideas were thriving and where the influence of the Catholic Church remained vivid, demonstrations became commonplace in May 1898.
Two other Straub films screened at Views this year, both based on texts by Maurice Barres
, a controversial French writer of the fin de siecle.
For the conservative thinker Maurice Barres
, the Jew and the intellectual, given their rationalist and cosmopolitan character, were equally alienindeed, they were, in his phrase, "uprooted" and foreign to the "soil and dead" that constitute the true France.
In one of the deepest conservative books of the last century, Maurice Barres
showed us the significance of sacred places.
Chaitin's The Enemy Within: Culture Wars and Political Identity in Novels of the French Third Republic takes an unusual tack in handling that fissionable political and cultural material of the iconic last decade of the nineteenth century, culminating in the Dreyfus Affair, by examining specific works of four prominent novelist/activists, Paul Bourget, Maurice Barres
, Anatole France and Emile Zola.