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Mau·ri·ta·ni·a(môr′ĭ-tā′nē-ə, -tān′yə, mär′-)
A country of northwest Africa bordering on the Atlantic Ocean. Southern Mauritania was part of the ancient empire of Ghana, and the northern part was settled by Berbers c. 1000. The area later formed part of the Mali Empire (flourished 14th century) and was visited by European traders after the 15th century. French influence over the region lasted from the early 1800s until independence was achieved in 1960. Nouakchott is the capital and the largest city.
Mau′ri·ta′ni·an adj. & n.
1. (Placename) of or relating to Mauritania, a republic in NW Africa, or its inhabitants
2. (Peoples) of or relating to Mauritania, a republic in NW Africa, or its inhabitants
(Peoples) a native or inhabitant of Mauritania
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|Noun||1.||Mauritanian - a native or inhabitant of Mauritania|
Islamic Republic of Mauritania, Mauritania, Mauritanie, Muritaniya - a country in northwestern Africa with a provisional military government; achieved independence from France in 1960; largely western Sahara Desert
African - a native or inhabitant of Africa
|Adj.||1.||Mauritanian - of or related to the island or country of Mauritius or its inhabitants; "Mauritanian tropical fish"|