(redirected from Mbhaqanga)


A form of popular dance music that originated in the black townships of South Africa, characterized by choral singing and prominent basslines played on electronically amplified guitars.

[Zulu -mbaqanga in umbaqanga, thick porridge made of cornmeal or millet, mbaqanga (originally applied to the music as a derogatory term by those who considered it simple and homemade).]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(Pop Music) a style of Black popular music of urban South Africa
[C20: perhaps from Zulu umbaqanga mixture]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(bɑˈkɑŋ gə, əm bɑ-)
a rhythmic style of South African popular music derived from Zulu music, jazz, and rock and played on electric guitar, bass, and drums.
[1960–65; perhaps < Zulu umbaqanga thick porridge of maize or sorghum (or a cognate Nguni word)]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.


A South African musical style that evolved in the Black Townships in the late 1950s and early 1960s.
Dictionary of Unfamiliar Words by Diagram Group Copyright © 2008 by Diagram Visual Information Limited
References in periodicals archive ?
The haunting strains of the Jonas Gwangwa's mbhaqanga composition, "Shebeen" from the album Union of South Africa of 1967 bespeak of this understanding of the dialectic of subject and home dialectic, which is not found at any point in Mbatha's narrative.
For the reception that night, the Jazz Maniacs, South Africa's top township orchestra, played selections from their swing and mbhaqanga repertoire (mbhaqanga was the dominant music of the townships in South Africa--a sound as joyous and sad as any thing in the world, but I'll get to that later).
The African bands also composed township versions of American swing music, styles that came to be known as marabi, mbhaqanga, jit, and kwela, hybrids that have stood the test of time, many of which are still popular today.