mechanism

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mech·a·nism

 (mĕk′ə-nĭz′əm)
n.
1.
a. A machine or mechanical appliance.
b. The arrangement of connected parts in a machine.
2. A system of parts that operate or interact like those of a machine: the mechanism of the solar system.
3. An instrument or a process, physical or mental, by which something is done or comes into being: "The mechanism of oral learning is largely that of continuous repetition" (T.G.E. Powell).
4. A habitual manner of acting to achieve an end.
5. Psychology A usually unconscious mental and emotional pattern that shapes behavior in a given situation or environment: a defense mechanism.
6. The sequence of steps in a chemical reaction.
7. Philosophy The doctrine that all natural phenomena are explicable by material causes and mechanical principles.

[New Latin mēchanismus, from Late Latin mēchanisma, from Greek mēkhanē, machine; see mechanic.]

mechanism

(ˈmɛkəˌnɪzəm)
n
1. (Mechanical Engineering) a system or structure of moving parts that performs some function, esp in a machine
2. something resembling a machine in the arrangement and working of its parts: the mechanism of the ear.
3. (Mechanical Engineering) any form of mechanical device or any part of such a device
4. a process or technique, esp of execution: the mechanism of novel writing.
5. (Philosophy) philosophy
a. the doctrine that human action can be explained in purely physical terms, whether mechanical or biological
b. the explanation of phenomena in causal rather than teleological or essentialist terms
c. the view that the task of science is to seek such explanations
d. strict determinism. Compare dynamism, vitalism
6. (Psychoanalysis) psychoanal
a. the ways in which psychological forces interact and operate
b. a structure having an influence on the behaviour of a person, such as a defence mechanism

mech•an•ism

(ˈmɛk əˌnɪz əm)

n.
1. an assembly of moving parts performing a complete functional motion.
2. the agency or means by which an effect is produced or a purpose is accomplished.
3. machinery; mechanical appliances.
4. the structure or arrangement of parts of a machine or similar device.
5. routine methods or procedures.
6. the theory that everything in the universe is produced by matter in motion. Compare dynamism (def. 1), vitalism(def. 1).
7. the view that all biological processes may be described in physicochemical terms.
8. a mode of behavior that helps an individual deal with the physical or psychological environment. Compare defense mechanism, escape mechanism.
[1655–65; < New Latin mēchanismus a contrivance « Greek mēchan(ḗ) machine + New Latin -ismus, -ism]
mech`a•nis′mic, adj.

mechanism

  • mechanical pencil - Pushes graphite out by a mechanism such as a spring or a screw.
  • pinwheel - Originally a mechanism in a clock.
  • gadget - May come from French gachette, which is or has been applied to various pieces of mechanism, or from Gaget, the person who created the first so-called gadgets—miniature Statues of Liberty sold in Paris—or from a Navy term for a tool or mechanical device for which one could not recall the name.
  • rack, pinion - Rack is the linear gear and pinion is the circular gear in a mechanism.

mechanism

1. the theory that everything in the universe is produced by matter in process, capable of explanation by the laws of chemistry and physics.
2. the theory that a natural process is machinelike or is explainable in terms of Newtonian mechanics. — mechanist, n.mechanistic, adj.
See also: Philosophy
Philosophy. the theory or doctrine that all the phenomena of the universe, especially life, can ultimately be explained in terms of physics and chemistry and that the difference between organic and inorganic lies only in degree. Cf. vitalism. — mechanist, n. — mechanistic, adj.
See also: Life
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.mechanism - the atomic process that occurs during a chemical reactionmechanism - the atomic process that occurs during a chemical reaction; "he determined unique mechanisms for the photochemical reactions"
biochemical mechanism - a chemical mechanism involved in vital processes occurring in living organisms
chemical action, chemical change, chemical process - (chemistry) any process determined by the atomic and molecular composition and structure of the substances involved
2.mechanism - the technical aspects of doing something; "a mechanism of social control"; "mechanisms of communication"; "the mechanics of prose style"
carrying into action, carrying out, execution, performance - the act of performing; of doing something successfully; using knowledge as distinguished from merely possessing it; "they criticised his performance as mayor"; "experience generally improves performance"
3.mechanism - a natural object resembling a machine in structure or functionmechanism - a natural object resembling a machine in structure or function; "the mechanism of the ear"; "the mechanism of infection"
natural object - an object occurring naturally; not made by man
barrier - anything serving to maintain separation by obstructing vision or access
transmission mechanism - any mechanism whereby an infectious agent is spread from a reservoir to a human being
biological clock - an innate mechanism in living organisms that controls the periodicity of many physiological functions
4.mechanism - (philosophy) the philosophical theory that all phenomena can be explained in terms of physical or biological causes
philosophy - the rational investigation of questions about existence and knowledge and ethics
philosophical doctrine, philosophical theory - a doctrine accepted by adherents to a philosophy
5.mechanism - device consisting of a piece of machinerymechanism - device consisting of a piece of machinery; has moving parts that perform some function
action mechanism, action - the operating part that transmits power to a mechanism; "the piano had a very stiff action"
actuator - a mechanism that puts something into automatic action
robot, automaton, golem - a mechanism that can move automatically
axis of rotation, axis - the center around which something rotates
carriage - a machine part that carries something else
cartridge ejector, ejector - a mechanism in a firearm that ejects the empty shell case after firing
cartridge extractor, cartridge remover, extractor - a mechanism in a firearm that pulls an empty shell case out of the chamber and passes it to the ejector
clockwork - any mechanism of geared wheels that is driven by a coiled spring; resembles the works of a mechanical clock
controller, control - a mechanism that controls the operation of a machine; "the speed controller on his turntable was not working properly"; "I turned the controls over to her"
cooling, cooling system - a mechanism for keeping something cool; "the cooling was overhead fans"
delayed action - a mechanism that automatically delays the release of a camera shutter for a fixed period of time so that the photographer can appear in the picture
device - an instrumentality invented for a particular purpose; "the device is small enough to wear on your wrist"; "a device intended to conserve water"
drive - a mechanism by which force or power is transmitted in a machine; "a variable speed drive permitted operation through a range of speeds"
drive line, drive line system - mechanism that transmits power from the engine to the driving wheels of a motor vehicle
fail-safe - a mechanism capable of returning to a safe state in case there is a failure or malfunction
film advance - a mechanism for advancing film in a camera or projector
gear mechanism, gear - a mechanism for transmitting motion for some specific purpose (as the steering gear of a vehicle)
homing device - the mechanism in a guided missile that guides it toward its objective
hydraulic system - a mechanism operated by the resistance offered or the pressure transmitted when a liquid is forced through a small opening or tube
ignition system, ignition - the mechanism that ignites the fuel in an internal-combustion engine
lock - a mechanism that detonates the charge of a gun
mechanical device - mechanism consisting of a device that works on mechanical principles
radiator - a mechanism consisting of a metal honeycomb through which hot fluids circulate; heat is transferred from the fluid through the honeycomb to the airstream that is created either by the motion of the vehicle or by a fan
rotating mechanism - a mechanism that rotates
steering linkage - mechanism consisting of a system of rods and levers connected to the front wheels of a motor vehicle; the steering gear pushes it left or right which swivels the front wheels, causing the vehicle to turn
steering mechanism, steering system - a mechanism by which something is steered (especially a motor vehicle)
tape drive, tape transport, transport - a mechanism that transports magnetic tape across the read/write heads of a tape playback/recorder
whirler - a revolving mechanism
workings, works - the internal mechanism of a device

mechanism

noun
1. workings, motor, gears, works, action, components, machinery, innards (informal) the locking mechanism
3. machine, system, structure, device, tool, instrument, appliance, apparatus, contrivance The heat-producing mechanism will switch itself on automatically.

mechanism

noun
That by which something is accomplished or some end achieved:
Translations
mechanismus
mekanisme=-mekanisme
mekanismi
mehanizam
gangverk
機構
장치
mehanizemustroj
mekanism
กลไกการทำงานของเครื่องจักร
mekanizmadüzenek
cơ cấu máy

mechanism

[ˈmekənɪzəm] N
1. (gen) → mecanismo m
2. (Philos) → mecanicismo m

mechanism

[ˈmɛkənɪzəm] n
(= device) → mécanisme m
(= method) a mechanism for doing sth → un mécanisme pour faire qch survival mechanism

mechanism

nMechanismus m

mechanism

[ˈmɛkəˌnɪzm] nmeccanismo

mechanic

(miˈkӕnik) noun
a skilled worker who repairs or maintains machinery.
meˈchanical adjective
1. having to do with machines. mechanical engineering.
2. worked or done by machinery. a mechanical sweeper.
3. done etc without thinking, from force of habit. a mechanical action.
meˈchanically adverb
meˈchanics noun singular
1. the science of the action of forces on objects. He is studying mechanics.
2. the art of building machines. He applied his knowledge of mechanics to designing a new wheelchair.
noun plural
the ways in which something works or is applied. the mechanics of the legal system.
ˈmechanism (ˈme-) noun
a (usually small) piece of machinery. a watch mechanism.
ˈmechanize, ˈmechanise (ˈme-) verb
1. to introduce machinery into (an industry etc). We've mechanized the entire process.
2. to supply (troops) with motor vehicles.
ˌmechaniˈzation, ˌmechaniˈsation noun

mechanism

تِقْنِيَةُ mechanismus mekanisme Mechanismus μηχανισμός mecanismo mekanismi mécanisme mehanizam meccanismo 機構 장치 mechanisme mekanisme mechanizm mecanismo механизм mekanism กลไกการทำงานของเครื่องจักร mekanizma cơ cấu máy 机制

mech·a·nism

n. mecanismo.
1. respuesta involuntaria a un estímulo;
defense ______ de defensa;
escape ______ de escape.;
implementation ______ de ejecución;
pain ______ del dolor
2. estructura semejante a una máquina.

mechanism

n mecanismo; coping — mecanismo de afrontamiento; defense — mecanismo de defensa
References in periodicals archive ?
Information extracted included referral source, age, gender and mechanism of injury (defined as MVC (pedestrian or passenger), nonvehicular blunt trauma in the form of falls and assault, GSWs, stab wounds, and other mechanisms).
The most common mechanism of injury is motor vehicle accidents, and the mortality rate of these injuries is not insignificant.
The mechanism of injury was classified as high energy in 22/35 (63%) patients.
The coding of a fall injury requires assignment of codes for the diagnosis (body part and injury type), mechanism of injury, patient's activity at the time of the fall and the place of occurrence.
Date of injury, mechanism of injury (mounted vs dismounted, LOC), age at injury, time since injury, medications, visual symptoms, visual acuity, employment status, and documented eye examination results were reviewed and analyzed.
The most common mechanism of injury was road traffic collision at (67.
The PTOS database includes de-identified data on patient demographics, Abbreviated Injury Score (AIS) codes and ICD-9-CM codes, mechanism of injury (based on ICD-9-CM Ecodes), comorbidities, physiology information, mechanisms of injury, in-hospital mortality and complications, transfer status, processes-of-care, and encrypted hospital identifiers.
Although the mechanism of injury was previously poorly understood, recent data suggest that it is both immune and metabolically mediated.
The age, gender, mechanism of injury, fracture level of the transverse processes, and description of the vertebral artery injuries were documented.
There can also be significant benefit to enlisting the help of a biomechanical engineer to affirm or refute the mechanism of injury.
Further boosters may be advised later in life, dependent on risk and mechanism of injury.
Similarly, this study found paddling to be the mechanism of injury in the majority of cases (67%, n=88) but interestingly, lifting or moving the Waka was the next most prevalent (20%, n=26) injurious event.