temporal lobe

(redirected from Medial temporal lobe)
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Related to Medial temporal lobe: Hippocampus

temporal lobe

n.
The lower lateral lobe of either cerebral hemisphere, located in front of the occipital lobe and containing the sensory center of hearing in the brain.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

temporal lobe

n
(Anatomy) the laterally protruding portion of each cerebral hemisphere, situated below the parietal lobe and associated with sound perception and interpretation: it is thought to be the centre for memory recall
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

tem′poral lobe`


n.
the lateral lobe of each cerebral hemisphere, in front of the occipital lobe.
[1890–95]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

tem·po·ral lobe

(tĕm′pər-əl)
The portion of each cerebral hemisphere lying to the side and rear of the frontal lobe, containing the main speech and language centers of the brain.
The American Heritage® Student Science Dictionary, Second Edition. Copyright © 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.temporal lobe - that part of the cerebral cortex in either hemisphere of the brain lying inside the temples of the head
cerebral cortex, cerebral mantle, cortex, pallium - the layer of unmyelinated neurons (the grey matter) forming the cortex of the cerebrum
temporal gyrus - any of the convolutions of the outer surface of the temporal lobe of the cerebrum
lobe - (anatomy) a somewhat rounded subdivision of a bodily organ or part; "ear lobe"
amygdala, amygdaloid nucleus, corpus amygdaloideum - an almond-shaped neural structure in the anterior part of the temporal lobe of the cerebrum; intimately connected with the hypothalamus and the hippocampus and the cingulate gyrus; as part of the limbic system it plays an important role in motivation and emotional behavior
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations
spánkový lalok
ohimolohkotemporaalilohko
References in periodicals archive ?
Patients with AD have severe episodic memory impairment due to damage to the storage of information, which is caused by the atrophy of the hippocampus and medial temporal lobe. Episodic memory impairment is the key symptom for the diagnosis of AD.
CTE is characterized by brain atrophy, reduced mass of frontal and temporal cortices, and medial temporal lobe.
Medial temporal lobe thinning can be a precursor to cognitive decline and dementia in middle-aged and older adults.
The scans provided researchers a detailed view of the medial temporal lobe (MTL), a brain region Involved In the formation of new memories.
At every age, prolonged sitters show less thickness in the medial temporal lobe and the subregions that make it up, the study found.
Scientists in California made the link with Alzheimer's last week, saying active people had less thinning of the medial temporal lobe - crucial to memories.
Each person had a high-resolution MRI scan, which provides a detailed look at the medial temporal lobe, or MTL, a brain region involved in the formation of new memories.
TUESDAY, April 17, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- For non-demented middle-aged and older adults, there is an inverse correlation between medial temporal lobe (MTL) thickness and sedentary behavior, according to a study published online April 12 in PLOS ONE.
Tests using high-resolution MRI scans provided detailed examination of the medial temporal lobe, a region involved in forming new memories.
Voxel-based morphometry (VBM) and tensor-based morphometry (TBM), which allow 3D mapping of focal differences in brain anatomy, have detected significantly faster tissue reduction in the medial temporal lobe, posterior cingulate gyrus, and hippocampus [9-12].
Notably, the patient's neuroimaging demonstrated a larger lesion in the right medial temporal lobe, in accordance with Hoffman's findings of the GG behavioral pattern in right temporal lobe stroke victims [15].
The material-specific memory model has been drawn from the observations of Milner (4), who found that postoperative lesion in the left medial temporal lobe caused problems with verbal memory, while lesion in the right medial temporal lobe damaged memory for the non-verbal tasks.

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