Megalonyx


Also found in: Thesaurus, Wikipedia.
Related to Megalonyx: Megalonyx Jeffersonii

Meg`a`lon´yx


n.1.(Paleon.) An extinct quaternary mammal, of great size, allied to the sloth.
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary, published 1913 by G. & C. Merriam Co.
Mentioned in ?
References in classic literature ?
The great size of the bones of the Megatheroid animals, including the Megatherium, Megalonyx, Scelidotherium, and Mylodon, is truly wonderful.
was later found, with the sequenced mitochondrial genome of Colossendeis megalonyx, to be misidentified, and the identification was corrected to a nymphonid species (Dietz et ai, 2011).
First, Bison survived the megafaunal extinction at the end of the Pleistocene approximately 11,700 calendar years Before Present (cal yr BP) and, in North America, the genus outlived mammoths (Mammuthus), mastodons (Mammut), horses (Equus), ground sloths (Megalonyx et al.), and other megafauna while coexisting with early Americans (Paleoindians; Koch and Barnosky, 2006).
Interestingly, the supernumerary condition in sloths appears to be an artifact of the Family Megalonychidae, as one occurrence has been noted in the extinct genus Megalonyx, in which the additional tooth was also restricted to the maxillary dentition (McDonald, 1978; Miles and Grigson, 1990).
The ground sloth Megalonyx (xenarthra: megalonychidae) from the Pleistocene (late Irvingtonian) Camelot local fauna, Dorchester County, South Carolina.
Jefferson thought he had found his carnivore in the remains of the 'great claw' found in 1797, until this was identified by Caspar Wistar as a giant sloth, now known as Megalonyx. As has happened at other times, science got mixed up with politics.
Marine mammal examples include bones from the genera Phoca and Odobenus, as well as various cetaceans; while terrestrial mammal examples include bones from the genera Mammut, Mammuthus, Rangifer, Tapirus, Cervalces (= Alces), Symbos, Bison, and Megalonyx (e.g., Dall 1925; Uchupi 1964; Wigley 1966; Stanley et al.
Notable occurrences include some of the earliest discoveries of the Columbian mammoth (Mammuthus columbi) and American mastodon (Mammut americanum), one of the largest collections of the ground sloth Megalonyx jeffersonii, and the southernmost record of reindeer (Rangifer tarandus).
Asi fue como en Punta Alta y en la Patagonia, Darwin encontro 9 restos fosiles de animales gigantes extinguidos: tres cabezas y huesos de Megatherium; un Megalonyx; un esqueleto casi completo de Scelidotherium, que debio ser tan grande como un rinoceronte; un Mylodon Darwinii, un poco menor que el anterior; un desdentado gigantesco; una caparazon de un animal gigantesco muy parecido al armadillo; una especie extinta de caballo; un diente de un paquidermo, el Macrauchenia, notable cuadrupedo tan grande como un camello; un Toxodon, uno de los animales mas extranos que se hayan descubierto jamas, parecido al elefante (Darwin, 1845/1983, ver capitulos V y VI).