Meissner effect

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Meiss·ner effect

The effect whereby magnetic fields are excluded from a superconductor's interior if the superconductor is below a critical temperature, since introducing a magnetic field immediately creates electric currents in the superconductor that cancel the magnetic field. The Meissner effect is responsible for the diamagnetic properties of superconductors.

[After Fritz Walther Meissner (1882-1974), German physicist who discovered it in collaboration with Robert Ochsenfeld (1901-1993), German physicist.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

Meissner effect

(General Physics) physics the phenomenon in which magnetic flux is excluded from a substance when it is in a superconducting state, except for a thin layer at the surface
[C20: named after Fritz Walther Meissner (1882–1974), German physicist]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
References in periodicals archive ?
Below 0.00053 kelvins (about -273[degrees] Celsius), the researchers observed a hallmark of superconductivity known as the Meissner effect, in which the superconductor expunges magnetic fields.
Among the achievements they describe are investigations of the spectral distributions of the emission of black bodies that laid the experimental foundation for Max Planck's 1900 radiation law, the discovery of the Meissner effect in superconductors, the discovery of the element rhenium, and contributions to knowledge about radioactivity.
In this study, a class of 20 HSC Physics students were introduced to a teaching model that incorporated active learning principles with the watching of a video that explored the Meissner Effect and superconductors.
They are to use gaseous helium at 4K to keep a 20K (Tc) superconductor cool, but the Meissner effect means that any magnetic field generated will reduce that 20K Tc, let alone that the helium warms up as it cools the magnetic materials, and superconductor quench has to be avoided.
The incompatibility of hedge boson force field and gauge boson force field manifests in the Meissner effect, where superconductor repels external magnetism.
This effect is henceforth referred to as the Meissner effect. Whatever happened to Ochsfeld?
The researchers report that at temperatures as high as 203 kelvins, the samples expelled magnetic fields, exhibiting what's known as the Meissner effect. This magnetic evidence is a stronger indicator of superconductivity than the electrical resistance measurements Eremets' team originally used to make the case, says Russell Hemley, a materials chemist at the Carnegie Institution for Science in Washington, D.C.
Among the traits of superconducting materials that the tubes exhibited was the so-called Meissner effect, in which the material expels magnetic fields, says Sheng.
This behavior is the basis for the Meissner effect, which allows a superconductor to levitate above a magnet.
Recently, technicians at the Argonne (Ill.) National Laboratory used one of the new materials to construct a simple, electrical motor based on the property that superconductors repel magnets -- a phenomenon known as the Meissner effect.
Yes, they intend it to be superconducting, but no, they do not intend to levitate many tons of magnet by the Meissner effect. (A piece of metal in a superconducting state will expel a magnetic field from within itself.