The fact that Instagram outperformed Facebook for the IRA could "be an indicator of the platform being more ideal for memetic
warfare" -- changing people's minds using viral memes, the researchers said.
1999), the backtracking adaptive threshold accepting algorithm (Tarantilis, Kiranoudis, and Vassiliadis 2004), adaptations of the variable neighborhood search (VNS) (Imran, Salhi, and Wassan 2009), two memetic
algorithms (Prins 2009) and the iterated local search heuristic (Penna, Subramanian, and Ochi 2013).
Algorithm (MA)  for solving linear equations systems is proposed in paper .
While fans were not contesting West's bipolar disorder, the snag seems to lie in his manner of addressing the mental illness itself, of apparently using a reductive memetic
approach in his album cover instead of confronting it in a more representative medium and platform.
As Milner says at one point, "the debates in memetic
collectives often come with ambiguities in their tone and tenor, which might mute their vibrancy" (p.
In order to address NP-hardness, numerous researchers have worked with various population-based search algorithms such as Monte Carlo [23-25], genetic algorithm [19,26-30], evolutionary programming , ant colony optimization [32-34], immune algorithm , constraint based chain growth algorithm , and hybrid of local search and evolutionary algorithms commonly called memetic
 designed a Memetic
Algorithm (MA) which introduced a local search process to improve the performance of EA.
Like with most COPs, TSP s MHs are the most used techniques, namely, Simulated Annealing (SA) [3, 9], Tabu Search (TS) , Genetic Algorithms (GA) , Neural Networks (NN) , Ant Colony Optimization (ACO) , Honey Bees , Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) , and Memetic
Algorithms (MA) , among others.
With the motivation to provide optimal and collision free mobile robot navigation, a combinatorial optimization technique based on GA approach was used in  to propose bacterial memetic
algorithm to make a mobile robot navigate to a goal while avoiding obstacles at a minimized path length.
Sure, some memes are shared without adaptation, just as some forms of offline folklore are shared without adaptation, (8) but digital content that circulates widely without ever evolving would be classified as viral content rather than memetic
The second runner-up was Yuyan Sun, Yuxuan Liang, Zizhen Zhang, and Jiahai Wang, for their paper M-NSGA-II: A Memetic
Algorithm for Vehicle Routing Problem with Route Balancing.
Algorithm With TwoDimensional Discrete Haar Wavelet Transform for Optimal Sensor Placement." IEEE Sensors Journal, 17(7): 2267-2278.