meniscus

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meniscus
anterior view of a knee joint

me·nis·cus

 (mə-nĭs′kəs)
n. pl. me·nis·ci (-nĭs′ī, -kī, -kē) or me·nis·cus·es
1. A crescent-shaped body.
2. A concavo-convex lens.
3. The curved upper surface of a nonturbulent liquid in a container that is concave if the liquid wets the container walls and convex if it does not.
4. A cartilage disk that acts as a cushion between the ends of bones that meet in a joint.

[New Latin, from Greek mēniskos, diminutive of mēnē, moon, month; see mē- in Indo-European roots.]

me·nis′cal (-kəl), me·nis′cate′ (-kăt′), me·nis′coid′ (-koid′), men′is·coi′dal (mĕn′ĭs-koid′l) adj.

meniscus

(mɪˈnɪskəs)
n, pl -nisci (-ˈnɪsaɪ) or -niscuses
1. (General Physics) the curved upper surface of a liquid standing in a tube, produced by the surface tension
2. a crescent or half-moon-shaped body or design
3. (Anatomy) a crescent-shaped fibrous cartilage between the bones at certain joints, esp at the knee
4. (General Physics) a crescent-shaped lens; a concavo-convex or convexo-concave lens
[C17: from New Latin, from Greek mēniskos crescent, diminutive of mēnē moon]
meˈniscoid adj

me•nis•cus

(mɪˈnɪs kəs)

n., pl. -nis•ci (-ˈnɪs aɪ, -ˈnɪs kaɪ, -ki) -nis•cus•es.
1. a crescent or a crescent-shaped body.
2. the convex or concave upper surface of a column of liquid, the curvature of which is caused by surface tension.
3. a concavo-convex or convexo-concave lens.
4. a wedge of cartilage between the articulating ends of the bones in certain joints.
[1685–95; < New Latin < Greek mēnískos crescent, diminutive of mḗnē moon]

me·nis·cus

(mə-nĭs′kəs)
1. A lens that is concave on one side and convex on the other.
2. The curved upper surface of a column of liquid. The surface is concave if the molecules of the liquid are attracted to the container walls and convex if they are not.
3. A piece of cartilage shaped like a crescent and located at the junction of two bones in a joint, such as the knee. See more at joint.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.meniscus - (anatomy) a disk of cartilage that serves as a cushion between the ends of bones that meet at a jointmeniscus - (anatomy) a disk of cartilage that serves as a cushion between the ends of bones that meet at a joint
cartilage, gristle - tough elastic tissue; mostly converted to bone in adults
anatomy, general anatomy - the branch of morphology that deals with the structure of animals
2.meniscus - (optics) a lens that is concave on one side and convex on the other
lens, lens system, lense - a transparent optical device used to converge or diverge transmitted light and to form images
optics - the branch of physics that studies the physical properties of light
3.meniscus - (physics) the curved upper surface of a nonturbulent liquid in a vertical tube
surface - the outer boundary of an artifact or a material layer constituting or resembling such a boundary; "there is a special cleaner for these surfaces"; "the cloth had a pattern of red dots on a white surface"
natural philosophy, physics - the science of matter and energy and their interactions; "his favorite subject was physics"
Translations

meniscus

[məˈnɪskəs] N (meniscuses or menisci (pl)) [mɪˈnɪsaɪ]menisco m

meniscus

n pl <menisci> → Meniskus m

meniscus

[mɪˈnɪskəs] n (meniscuses or menisci (pl)) [mɪˈnɪsaɪ]menisco

me·nis·cus

n. menisco, estructura cartilaginosa de forma lunar.

meniscus

n (pl -ci) menisco; torn — menisco roto
References in periodicals archive ?
Mitsubishi Electric Corporation announced today a high-power 638 nanometer (nm) wavelength red laser diode (LD) offering an industry-leading 2.5W output under pulse operation with what is believed to be the industry's first built-in meniscus lens, which will be launched on September 1.
A meniscus lens is added before the concave grating to correct the aberration brought by the separation at the same time, as is shown in Figure 6.
Chevalier made an achromatic meniscus lens, from where the Lomography Art Daguerreotype Achromat draws its inspirations from.