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Related to Menshevism: Bolshevik, Lenin


n. pl. Men·she·viks or Men·she·vi·ki (-vē′kē)
A member of the liberal faction of the Social Democratic Party that struggled against the Bolsheviks before and during the Russian Revolution.

[Russian men'shevik, from men'she, less (from their relegation by Lenin to minority status); see mei- in Indo-European roots.]

Men′she·vism n.
Men′she·vist n.


the minority wing of the Russian Social Democratie Labor party that in a 1903 convention split from the majority or Bolshevik wing, enabling the latter to direct and win power in the revolution of 1917-20. — Menshevik, n., adj.
See also: Communism
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References in periodicals archive ?
To Lenin's surprise, Dan, 'with his strong constitution', chose menshevism and never deviated from this choice.
Mullin translates documents connected to the Russian Social-Democratic Labour Party that were written during a period of the Party's history characterized by two important internal political conflicts, the second of which led to a split in the Party that is often regarded as the starting point of the opposition between Bolshevism and Menshevism.
Only those who shrink from historical truth can forget the close, intimate connection and relationship between these trends and Menshevism (1903-07) and liquidationism (1908-13).
Bolshevism (1902-1903) is better known as Maximalism, and the contrary Menshevism as Minimalism.