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Related to Menshevism: Bolshevik, Lenin


n. pl. Men·she·viks or Men·she·vi·ki (-vē′kē)
A member of the liberal faction of the Social Democratic Party that struggled against the Bolsheviks before and during the Russian Revolution.

[Russian men'shevik, from men'she, less (from their relegation by Lenin to minority status); see mei- in Indo-European roots.]

Men′she·vism n.
Men′she·vist n.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


the minority wing of the Russian Social Democratie Labor party that in a 1903 convention split from the majority or Bolshevik wing, enabling the latter to direct and win power in the revolution of 1917-20. — Menshevik, n., adj.
See also: Communism
-Ologies & -Isms. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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References in periodicals archive ?
(162) Leopold Haimson, "Consciousness and Spontaneity: Explorations into the Origins of Bolshevism and Menshevism" (PhD diss., Harvard University, 1952); Haimson, The Russian Marxists and the Origins of Bolshevism (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1955).
To Lenin's surprise, Dan, 'with his strong constitution', chose menshevism and never deviated from this choice.
The Second International gave us "Menshevism" and "left deviationism," which were followed by "infantile leftism," "social fascism," and in due course "Trotskyism," all to be contrasted with the "Marxism-Leninism" that was eventually settled upon as orthodoxy.
Mullin translates documents connected to the Russian Social-Democratic Labour Party that were written during a period of the Party's history characterized by two important internal political conflicts, the second of which led to a split in the Party that is often regarded as the starting point of the opposition between Bolshevism and Menshevism. Among the documents are a review of Lenin's Tasks of the Social Democrats from economic journal Rabochee Delo Number One, the resolution of an emigre Party conference in Geneva during June 1901, a letter from Iulii Martov to the London section of the editorial board of the newspaper Iskra, Georgii Plekhanov's "What is Not To Be Done" in Iskra No.
Menshevism?), nor can his simplification account for the benefits that have historically accrued within (pressured and infiltrated) bourgeois parliamentary rule since Shakespeare's time: freedom of speech, assembly, and worship, abolition of slavery, female enfranchisement, and the welfare state.
Only those who shrink from historical truth can forget the close, intimate connection and relationship between these trends and Menshevism (1903-07) and liquidationism (1908-13).
(2.) Noah London, "menshevizm oder sotsialistishe impotents" ("Menshevism or socialist impotence"), naye velt, 6 November 1917.