Factors recorded for Western Pond Turtle declines include the following: (1) habitat degradation in parts of its range (Pilliod and others 2013); (2) altered or eliminated stream habitat due to dam construction (Holland 1994); (3) spread of exotic competitors like the Red-eared Slider (Trachemys scripta elegans) (Spinks and others 2003; Kraus 2009; Global Invasive Species Database 2010); and (4) non-native and overabundant predators such as American Bullfrogs (Lithobates catesbeianus), Largemouth Bass (Micropterus salmoides), Raccoons (Procyon lotor), Striped Skunks (Mephitis mephitis
), Black Rats (Rattus rattus), and Coyotes (Canis latrans) (Moyle 1973; Holland 1991a, 1994; Hays and others 1999).
For example gray wolves (Canis lupus) have adapted facial color patterns that allow group communication in darkness during attacks on prey (Asa and Harrington, 2003), and the white and black aposematic coloration on striped skunks (Mephitis mephitis
) deters predators by signaling their potential to spray offensive and potentially harmful fluids (Hunter, 2009).
New components in defensive secretion of the striped skunk, Mephitis mephitis
. J Chem Ecol.
No American mammal is better known and less popular than the striped skunk (Mephitis mephitis
Other frequent visitors were striped skunk (Mephitis mephitis
; 3.4%), long-tailed weasel or stoat (Mustela frenata or M.
Quirk, "Effect of age and ration on diet-tissue isotopic (A13C, A15N) discrimination in striped skunks (Mephitis mephitis
)," Isotopes in Environmental and Health Studies, vol.
Our nonarmadillo photo set included raccoons (Procyon lotor), white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus), groundhogs (Marmota monax), fox squirrels (Sciurus niger), eastern gray squirrels, elk (Cervus elaphus), turkeys (Meleagris gallopavo), Virginia opossums (Didelphis virginiana), gray foxes (Urocyon cinereoargenteus), coyotes (Canis latrans), bobcats (Lynx rufus), eastern cottontails (Sylvilagus floridanus), eastern chipmunks, brown rats (Rattus norvegicus), mice (Mus musculus and Peromyscus and Reithrodontomys species), southern flying squirrels (Glaucomys volans), striped skunks (Mephitis mephitis
), and passerine birds.
The six most common taxa in the GA DNR report were Virginia opossums (Didelphis virginiana), cottontails, gray squirrels (Sciurus carolinensis), raccoons (Procyon lotor), white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus), and striped skunks (Mephitis mephitis
Characterization of Toxoplasma gondii from raccoons (Procyon lotor) coyotes (Canis latrans) and striped skunks (Mephitis mephitis
) in Wisconsin identified several atypical genotypes.
An unusual incisor in Mephitis mephitis
. Journal of Mammalogy 42:422-423.
POWV is maintained in an enzootic cycle between Ixodes cookei as the tick vector and the groundhog (Marmota momax) and striped skunk (Mephitis mephitis
) as the principal reservoir hosts (6).