mercerize

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mer·cer·ize

 (mûr′sə-rīz′)
tr.v. mer·cer·ized, mer·cer·iz·ing, mer·cer·iz·es
To treat (cotton thread) with sodium hydroxide so as to shrink the fiber and increase its luster and affinity for dye.

[After John Mercer (1791-1866), British calico printer.]

mercerize

(ˈmɜːsəˌraɪz) or

mercerise

vb
(Textiles) (tr) to treat (cotton yarn) with an alkali to increase its strength and reception to dye and impart a lustrous silky appearance
[C19: named after John Mercer (1791–1866), English maker of textiles]
ˌmerceriˈzation, ˌmerceriˈsation n

mer•cer•ize

(ˈmɜr səˌraɪz)

v.t. -ized, -iz•ing.
to treat (cotton yarns or fabric) with caustic alkali under tension, in order to increase strength, luster, and affinity for dye.
[1855–60; after John Mercer (1791–1866), English calico printer; see -ize]
mer`cer•i•za′tion, n.

mercerize


Past participle: mercerized
Gerund: mercerizing

Imperative
mercerize
mercerize
Present
I mercerize
you mercerize
he/she/it mercerizes
we mercerize
you mercerize
they mercerize
Preterite
I mercerized
you mercerized
he/she/it mercerized
we mercerized
you mercerized
they mercerized
Present Continuous
I am mercerizing
you are mercerizing
he/she/it is mercerizing
we are mercerizing
you are mercerizing
they are mercerizing
Present Perfect
I have mercerized
you have mercerized
he/she/it has mercerized
we have mercerized
you have mercerized
they have mercerized
Past Continuous
I was mercerizing
you were mercerizing
he/she/it was mercerizing
we were mercerizing
you were mercerizing
they were mercerizing
Past Perfect
I had mercerized
you had mercerized
he/she/it had mercerized
we had mercerized
you had mercerized
they had mercerized
Future
I will mercerize
you will mercerize
he/she/it will mercerize
we will mercerize
you will mercerize
they will mercerize
Future Perfect
I will have mercerized
you will have mercerized
he/she/it will have mercerized
we will have mercerized
you will have mercerized
they will have mercerized
Future Continuous
I will be mercerizing
you will be mercerizing
he/she/it will be mercerizing
we will be mercerizing
you will be mercerizing
they will be mercerizing
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been mercerizing
you have been mercerizing
he/she/it has been mercerizing
we have been mercerizing
you have been mercerizing
they have been mercerizing
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been mercerizing
you will have been mercerizing
he/she/it will have been mercerizing
we will have been mercerizing
you will have been mercerizing
they will have been mercerizing
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been mercerizing
you had been mercerizing
he/she/it had been mercerizing
we had been mercerizing
you had been mercerizing
they had been mercerizing
Conditional
I would mercerize
you would mercerize
he/she/it would mercerize
we would mercerize
you would mercerize
they would mercerize
Past Conditional
I would have mercerized
you would have mercerized
he/she/it would have mercerized
we would have mercerized
you would have mercerized
they would have mercerized
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.mercerize - treat to strengthen and improve the lustermercerize - treat to strengthen and improve the luster; "mercerize cotton"
process, treat - subject to a process or treatment, with the aim of readying for some purpose, improving, or remedying a condition; "process cheese"; "process hair"; "treat the water so it can be drunk"; "treat the lawn with chemicals" ; "treat an oil spill"
Translations
merceriser

mercerize

[ˈmɜːsəˌraɪz] vtmercerizzare
References in periodicals archive ?
At ITMA 2019 in Barcelona from June 20-26th, Goller, a member of the CHTC FONG'S International Group, will introduce the new Knit Merc for achieving the highest quality mercerization of knitted fabrics at the lowest tension and with under 3% variation in dimensional stability with high grade fabrics, for perfect dyeing results every time.
Many researchers have applied mercerization and acetic anhydride treatment with remarkable improvement in the mechanical properties of both treated fibres and/or composites at optimum conditions (Hossain et al., 2014; Punyamurthy et al., 2014; Singha and Thakur, 2014; Tlijania et al., 2014; Noorunnisa et al., 2011; Zhong et al., 2010).
Batane, "The effects of mercerization and acetylation treatments on the properties of sisal fibre and its interfacial adhesion characteristics on polypropylene," International Journal of Engineering, Science and Technology, vol.
However, mercerization of natural fibers by alkali is the most popular method nowadays to improve fiber/matrix interactions by reducing the hydrophilicity of the natural fiber.
Alkaline treatment or mercerization is in the greatest popularity regarding chemical treatments of natural fibers to reinforce thermoplastics.
Khan, "Influence of mercerization with UV and Gamma radiation on the physical and mechanical properties of jute yarn grafted with 3(Trimethoxysilyl) Propylmethacrylate (silane) and Acryamide under UV radiation," Polymer-Plastics Technology and Engineering, vol.
FTIR spectroscopic study of the effect of microwave heating on the transformation of cellulose I into cellulose II during mercerization. Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 2008; 107(1): 30-36.
Another technique used in order to improve fibre-matrix interfaces and mechanical properties is the immersion of cellulosic fibres in sodium hydroxide (known as mercerization) [21-23].
The fibres after mercerization are subjected to acetylation process, in which they are treated with glacial acetic acid and acetic anhydride containing two drops of sulphuric acid which are obtained form M/S Royal Scientific for a period of 2 hours.
The Bank adopted an innovative approach in deposit management and optimized its pricing practice to meet the requirements for the mercerization of deposit interest rates.
High efficiency ultra-deep dyeing of cotton via mercerization and cationization.