cinnabar

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Related to Mercury sulphide: mercury chloride, Mercury oxide, Mercury sulfate

cin·na·bar

 (sĭn′ə-bär′)
n.
1. A heavy reddish mercuric sulfide, HgS, that is the principal ore of mercury.
3. See vermilion.

[Middle English cinabare, from Latin cinnabaris, from Greek kinnabari.]

cin′na·bar′ine (-bär′ĭn, -īn, -bə-rīn′) adj.

cinnabar

(ˈsɪnəˌbɑː)
n
1. (Minerals) a bright red or brownish-red mineral form of mercuric sulphide (mercury(II) sulphide), found close to areas of volcanic activity and hot springs. It is the main commercial source of mercury. Formula: HgS. Crystal structure: hexagonal
2. (Elements & Compounds) the red form of mercuric sulphide (mercury(II) sulphide), esp when used as a pigment
3. (Colours) a bright red to reddish-orange; vermilion
4. (Animals) a large red-and-black European moth, Callimorpha jacobaeae: family Arctiidae (tiger moths, etc)
[C15: from Old French cenobre, from Latin cinnābaris, from Greek kinnabari, of Oriental origin]

cin•na•bar

(ˈsɪn əˌbɑr)

n.
1. a mineral, mercuric sulfide, HgS, occurring in red crystals or masses: the principal ore of mercury.
2. red mercuric sulfide, used as a pigment.
3. bright red; vermilion.
[1350–1400; < Middle English cynoper < Medieval Latin, Latin cinnabaris < Greek kinnábari]
cin`na•bar′ine (-aɪn, -ɪn) cin`na•bar′ic (-ˈbær ɪk) adj.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.cinnabar - a heavy reddish mineral consisting of mercuric sulfide; the chief source of mercury
atomic number 80, Hg, hydrargyrum, mercury, quicksilver - a heavy silvery toxic univalent and bivalent metallic element; the only metal that is liquid at ordinary temperatures
mineral - solid homogeneous inorganic substances occurring in nature having a definite chemical composition
2.cinnabar - large red-and-black European mothcinnabar - large red-and-black European moth; larvae feed on leaves of ragwort; introduced into United States to control ragwort
arctiid, arctiid moth - stout-bodied broad-winged moth with conspicuously striped or spotted wings; larvae are hairy caterpillars
Callimorpha, genus Callimorpha - cinnabar moths
Adj.1.cinnabar - of a vivid red to reddish-orange colorcinnabar - of a vivid red to reddish-orange color
chromatic - being or having or characterized by hue
Translations

cinnabar

[ˈsɪnəbɑːʳ] Ncinabrio m

cinnabar

nZinnober m
References in periodicals archive ?
The ancient Persians and Greeks considered it a useful ointment and 2nd century Chinese alchemists prized liquid mercury and red mercury sulphide for their supposed ability to increase lifespan and vitality.
The Chinese heated this to thicken it and then added vegetable and mineral dyes to obtain different colours - the main one being red from a form of mercury sulphide known as cinnabar.
At the end of the gas conditioning system, we have a getter, which is functionalized activated carbon that gets this mercury and transforms it into mercury sulphide.