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An ancient region of southwest Asia between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers in modern-day Iraq. Probably settled before 5000 bc, the area was the home of numerous early civilizations, including Sumer, Akkad, Babylonia, and Assyria. It declined in importance after Mongol invaders destroyed its extensive irrigation system in ad 1258.
Mes′o·po·ta′mi·an adj. & n.
(Placename) a region of SW Asia between the lower and middle reaches of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers: site of several ancient civilizations
[Latin from Greek mesopotamia (khora) (the land) between rivers]
Mes•o•po•ta•mi•a(ˌmɛs ə pəˈteɪ mi ə)
an ancient region in W Asia between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers: now part of Iraq.
Mes`o•po•ta′mi•an, adj., n.
Mesopotamia- Translates to "area or country between two rivers"—the Tigris and the Euphrates.
See also related terms for rivers.
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|Noun||1.||Mesopotamia - the land between the Tigris and Euphrates; site of several ancient civilizations; part of what is now known as Iraq|
Akkadian - an ancient branch of the Semitic languages
Al-Iraq, Irak, Iraq, Republic of Iraq - a republic in the Middle East in western Asia; the ancient civilization of Mesopotamia was in the area now known as Iraq
Babylon - the chief city of ancient Mesopotamia and capital of the ancient kingdom of Babylonia
Babylonia, Chaldaea, Chaldea - an ancient kingdom in southern Mesopotamia; Babylonia conquered Israel in the 6th century BC and exiled the Jews to Babylon (where Daniel became a counselor to the king)
Chaldaea, Chaldea - an ancient region of Mesopotamia lying between the Euphrates delta and the Persian Gulf and the Arabian Desert; settled in 1000 BC and destroyed by the Persians in 539 BC; reached the height of its power under Nebuchadnezzar II
Assyria - an ancient kingdom in northern Mesopotamia which is in present-day Iraq
Apsu - father of the gods and consort of Tiamat
Aruru - mother and earth goddess in Gilgamish epic; identified with Sumerian Ki and Ninkhursag
Dagan - god of agriculture and earth; counterpart of Phoenician Dagon
Ea - the Babylonian god of wisdom; son of Apsu and father of Marduk; counterpart of the Sumerian Enki; as one of the supreme triad including Anu and Bel he was assigned control of the watery element
Namtar, Namtaru - a demon personifying death; messenger of the underworld goddess Ereshkigal bringing death to mankind
Nergal - (Akkadian) god ruling with his consort Ereshkigal the world of the dead
Ningal - (Akkadian) a goddess; wife of the Moon god Sin
Sin - (Akkadian) god of the Moon; counterpart of Sumerian Nanna
Tiamat - (Akkadian) mother of the gods and consort of Apsu