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An ancient region of southwest Asia between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers in modern-day Iraq. Probably settled before 5000 bc, the area was the home of numerous early civilizations, including Sumer, Akkad, Babylonia, and Assyria. It declined in importance after Mongol invaders destroyed its extensive irrigation system in ad 1258.

Mes′o·po·ta′mi·an adj. & n.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(Placename) of or relating to Mesopotamia or its inhabitants
(Placename) a native or inhabitant of Mesopotamia
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
References in classic literature ?
Though the long period of a Southern whaling voyage (by far the longest of all voyages now or ever made by man), the peculiar perils of it, and the community of interest prevailing among a company, all of whom, high or low, depend for their profits, not upon fixed wages, but upon their common luck, together with their common vigilance, intrepidity, and hard work; though all these things do in some cases tend to beget a less rigorous discipline than in merchantmen generally; yet, never mind how much like an old Mesopotamian family these whalemen may, in some primitive instances, live together; for all that, the punctilious externals, at least, of the quarter-deck are seldom materially relaxed, and in no instance done away.
The ancient Mesopotamian city of Babylon has been declared a Unesco World Heritage Site.
Summary: UNESCO's World Heritage Committee voted Friday to list the sprawling Mesopotamian metropolis of Babylon as a World Heritage Site after three decades of lobbying efforts by Iraq.
The company is operating Block 8 located in Mesopotamian basin and is surrounded by areas having several large oil and gas fields.
In a notice to the Pakistan Stock Exchange, the company said the block is located in Mesopotamian basin and is surrounded by areas that have several large oil and gas fields.
For four centuries after the Roman legions of Lucullus and Pompey arrived, the Mesopotamian Borderland remained one of the most important stages for imperial interaction in the Roman world, says Cameron, the stage on which imperial power was compelled to be manifest by the ever-present threat of the Persian "Other." Considering first tradition and narrative, then movement and power, he discusses such matters as Strabo's sources, Hellenistic knowledge, Ammianus Marcellinus, Pliny the Elder, arranging people, desert routes, representing Mesopotamian trade, Roman power in the Borderland, and globalization and networks in the Mesopotamian Borderland.
The broad scope of this essay, which serves as an introduction to the entire volume, might have invited a more sustained engagement with the Mesopotamian material.
A date around 2900 BC cannot be reconciled with the Genesis text as an eye-witness account of a real flood that devastated the Mesopotamian plain, killing all of its known inhabitants except those on the Ark.
The author brings her considerable grasp of cuneiform literature to bear on the question of where Mesopotamian scribal knowledge (especially, though not exclusively, astronomy/astrology) fits in the history of science.
He noted that the Indus Valley civilisation shared many similarities with Egyptian, Mesopotamian and Harrapan civilisations.
The Mesopotamian civilization introduced the concepts of agriculture to the world, and also used early religious concepts to explain the universe.