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 (mĭ-sē′nē-ə, -sēn′yə)
An ancient region of southwest Greece in the Peloponnesus on the Ionian Sea. It fought a series of wars against Sparta c. 736 to 371 bc. The Romans conquered the area in 146 bc.

Mes·sen′i·an adj. & n.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(Placename) the southwestern area of the Peloponnese in S Greece
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(məˈsi ni ə, -ˈsin yə)

a division of ancient Greece, in the SW Peloponnesus.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
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References in periodicals archive ?
MESSENIA'S capital, the coastal city of Kalamata, is built on the site of ancient Pharai.
This raiding included an attack on the city of Methone in the helot homeland of Messenia, a strike into an area where the Spartans felt particularly vulnerable.
Entre os seculos IX-VIII a.C., "os objetos votivos evidenciam que o santuario havia alcancado notoriedade alem desse rio", como indicam a dedicacao de tripodes monumentais por visitantes da Messenia e da Arcadia e a presenca, no santuario, de artesaos provenientes da Arcadia, Messenia, e de Argos, conforme estudo de tipologia e de proveniencia dos objetos votivos dedicados no local nessa epoca (Morgan 1994: 89-90; Taita 2007: 102).
Quam non ex pluribus historicis consutam esse sed ab uno Epaminondae biographo transcriptam omnino probabile est in Pausania, qui Herodotum quidem et Thucydidem penitus inbiberat ..." Later Wilamowitz went further in his Textgeschichte der griechischen Lyriker, Berlin: Weidmann, 1900, 102n1, and added potential influence from Plutarch's Life of Epaminondas at Messenia, 4.
The Spartans faced an immense internal threat from thousands of state-owned serfs known as helots, who in abject servitude farmed the lands of Laconia and Messenia. These Greek peoples longed to overthrow their Spartan overlords.
Dr Gilbert, one of the scientists in the study, told WAM: "These fossils indicate that, instead, Old World monkey dispersal could have taken place through the Arabian Peninsula even before the Messenia Crisis."
The Spartans traced their enmity with Messenia to a supposed historical incident in which the Messenians abducted, raped and murdered several Spartan girls while they performed a ritual in honor of Artemis (Larson, Ancient 106).
She gained control of a rich territory in the valley of the Eurotas and in Messenia which gave her food enough for her citizens-warriors while she gained and maintained a political control of the commercial communities that lined the coasts of the Peloponessus.