Therefore, the main focus of cognitive therapies is to identify, assess and alter negative thoughts or beliefs to modify associated dysfunction of mood and behaviour.7 A contemporary explanation of generic cognitive processing style proposes that dysfunctional beliefs begin with dysfunctional information processing in line with the metacognitive
Thus, due to its paramount significance, this study would analyse the associationof reading self-efficacy with metacognitive
reading strategies among Saudi Preparatory-Year-Programme (PYP) students.
Pintrich, Smith, Garcia, and McKeachie (1991) analyzed the learning strategies of learners that might be categorized into three basic aspects; cognitive, resource management and metacognitive
awareness was first defined by Flavell (1979) as the knowledge about one's cognitive processes, and the ability to control or regulate these cognitive processes.
Ina study published in Learning & Behavior, researchers at the Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences explored whether dogs have metacognitive
abilities--the ability to "know what one knows"--and in particular whether they are aware of what information they have learned and whether they need more information.
In fact, there are numerous researches related to effectiveness of metacognitive
strategies on academic achievement but little is known about simultaneous influence of metacognitive
strategies and teaching styles on study habits.
Designing one's classroom teaching which caters effectively to varying cognitive styles of students and appropriately addresses depth and dimensions of subjects to be taught, is an important metacognitive
strategy, which can shift the focus of learning from resource to its source of learning and enable students to learn.
Wells' s metacognitive
model of OCD (3) emphasizes beliefs about the importance and meaning of thoughts, the need to control thoughts, and the need to perform rituals to prevent dreaded consequences.
Elsayed Elkhamisi, presented a scientific research on the deficiency levels of executive functions and metacognitive
processes in autistic children.
From an exogenous point of view, we focus on one particular aspect of the entrepreneur, the entrepreneur's metacognitive
processes, a concept that we will expand upon in this paper, and suggest that it constitutes a key aspect of the functioning of small and entrepreneurial firms.
The rationale for ATT emphasises the development of metacognitive
control in which the individual is directed to relate to any spontaneous thoughts or intrusions as they might relate to the sounds in the environment and to control attention as instructed without dealing with or attempting to attenuate such experiences.