Findings revealed an insignificant association between self-efficacy beliefs and metacognitive strategies
Pintrich, Smith, Garcia, and McKeachie (1991) analyzed the learning strategies of learners that might be categorized into three basic aspects; cognitive, resource management and metacognitive strategies
. Later on, studies link the learning strategies and motivation by analyzing the perceptions of students about their learning strategies to determine academic achievement (Loyens, Magda, and Rikers, 2008).
The second dimension is called cognitive and metacognitive strategies
and included the concentration (CON) and the cognitive (COG) strategies of the questionnaire.
In fact, there are numerous researches related to effectiveness of metacognitive strategies
on academic achievement but little is known about simultaneous influence of metacognitive strategies
and teaching styles on study habits.
Knowledge of cognition and regulation of cognition are important metacognitive strategies
to enable medical students to meet with professional demands of the 21st century.
Among these strategies, readers may use cognitive strategies, which include manipulation of materials through guessing meaning from the context, making predictions, translating, summarizing, and connecting with prior knowledge and experience; readers may also use metacognitive strategies
, which are associated with readers' regulation of themselves and may include planning, monitoring, and evaluating (e.g., Anderson, 2002; Grabe, 2009; O'Malley & Chamot, 1990; Oxford, 1990; Oxford & Crookall, 1989; Phakiti, 2006).
(70%) Majority of low achievers (55%) showed the lack of use of metacognitive strategies
and strategic learning strategies for retention of anatomy.
* Personalised - facilitating a learning experience to develop metacognitive strategies
This activity emphasizes metacognitive strategies
that relate to the process of solving the problem.
Among their topics are concepts and strategies for the development of metacognition in higher education, academic learning between cognition and metacognition: analyses and highlights in higher education, learning at the crossroads of theory and practice: learning how to learn, Facebook discussion to enhance English learners' metacognitive strategies
, student psychological factors and metacognitive skills in higher education, and using metacognition in the STEM field.
For example, using metacognitive strategies
in a developmental reading and writing course, students "internalize[d] the value" of the writing process and its significance in their college careers (Pacello, 2014, p.