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 (mĕch′nĭ-kôf′, myĕch′nĭ-kəf), Élie Originally Ilya Ilyich Mechnikov 1845-1916.
Russian zoologist. He shared a 1908 Nobel Prize for work in immunology, especially the process of phagocytosis.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(French mɛtʃnikɔf; Russian ˈmjetʃnikəf)
(Biography) Élie (eli). 1845–1916, Russian bacteriologist in France. He formulated the theory of phagocytosis and shared the Nobel prize for physiology or medicine 1908
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ˌmɛtʃ nɪˈkɔf, -ˌkɒf)

Élie (Ilya Ilyich Mechnikov), 1845–1916, Russian zoologist and bacteriologist in France.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Noun1.Metchnikoff - Russian bacteriologist in France who formulated the theory of phagocytosis (1845-1916)Metchnikoff - Russian bacteriologist in France who formulated the theory of phagocytosis (1845-1916)
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References in periodicals archive ?
Introduction Russian microbiologist Elie Metchnikoff is believed to have first coined the term "gerontology" - the comprehensive multidisciplinary study of aging and older adults - in 1903.
Elie Metchnikoff (1845-1916) was a Russian-born scientist who developed an interest in the study of beneficial microbes.
The Theory of Metchnikoff proposed that phagocytes ingested and destroyed invading bacteria and therefore provided the basis of innate cellular immunity.
In 1908, Metchnikoff (1) in his thesis dissertation entitled "The prolongation of life" associated the systematic ingestion of Bulgarian fermented milk and yoghurt to the longevity of the Caucasian people, recognizing the health profits of dairy fermented foods.
Section two, 'The Making of the Work', offers a fascinating depiction of interwoven scientific, literary, political and family networks, introducing the stellar cast of Reclus's networks of collaborators--his own family, as well as Paul Robin, James Guillaume, Peter Kropotkin and Leon Metchnikoff. Ferretti's extensive primary research across a wide range of sources allows him to describe their working relationships and the personal bonds underpinning them.
Since their initial description by Elie Metchnikoff as immune cells mediating phagocytosis [20], we now know that macrophage function is not restricted to simply engulfing unicellular pathogens such as bacteria and protozoa but represents a large and heterogeneous family of cell subsets displaying different functions in physiological and pathological processes.
The immunologist Elie Metchnikoff was the first to defend that the ingestion of fermented milk (i.e., yogurt) prepared with Bacillus bulgaricus increases health and prolong life span.
26), at the same time laying claim to anarchist geographies' roots and genealogies, including figures such as Pyotr Kropotkin (1842-1921), Elisee Reclus (1830-1905), Lev Mecnikov/Leon Metchnikoff (1838-1888) and others (Pelletier, 2013; Springer, 2016).
Constatacao essa que tambem reforcada pelo medico Elie Metchnikoff (26), ganhador do premio Nobel da Medicina em 1908, em razao de seus estudos sobre o envelhecimento.