microfilament

(redirected from Microfilaments)
Also found in: Medical, Encyclopedia.
Related to Microfilaments: Intermediate filaments

mi·cro·fil·a·ment

 (mī′krō-fĭl′ə-mənt)
n.
Any of the actin-containing filaments that are found in the cytoplasm of eukaryotic cells and are involved in generating cell movement, providing structural support, and organizing internal cell components. Microfilaments, along with intermediate filaments and microtubules, make up a cell's cytoskeleton.

mi′cro·fil′a·men′tous (-mĕn′təs) adj.

microfilament

(ˌmaɪkrəʊˈfɪləmənt)
n
(Biochemistry) thin filament, composed of the protein actin and associated proteins, that occurs abundantly in muscle and in the cytoplasm of other cells

mi•cro•fil•a•ment

(ˌmaɪ krəˈfɪl ə mənt)

n.
a tubelike protein structure that is involved in cell movement and changes in cell shape.
[1960–65]
mi•cro•fil•a•men•tous (ˌmaɪ kroʊˌfɪl əˈmɛn təs) adj.
References in periodicals archive ?
The EvoCooler's controllable cooling unit opens a huge production window, with titers ranging from around 30 to 300 denier and including microfilaments; combining it with the EvoHeater increases texturing speed by about 20 percent.
It has been fully optimized for yarn less than 2.5 dpf and microfilaments operating at lower pressures.
Actin microfilaments are composed of polymers of actin, the most abundant cellular protein which also forms the thinnest part of the cytoskeleton, and are primarily responsible for skeletal structure [7].
[1] At the time of diagnosis, there was 25% of cirrhosis, characterized by high titer (>1:80), ANA (homogenous or speckled pattern) reactive with chromatin and occasionally dsDNA and ASMA, reactive with F-actin microfilaments. Histologically, the liver biopsy reveals a chronic necroinflammatory disorder characterized by nonspecific findings such as portal mononuclear cell infiltrate, periportal lesion (sometimes referred to as piecemeal necrosis or interface hepatitis), bile duct changes, destructive, and non destructive cholangitis and ductopenia present in 25% of patients, plasma cell infiltrate and liver fibrosis.
Under electron microscopy, well-formed desmosomes and hemidesmosomes together with pinocytic vesicles, plentiful rough endoplasmic reticulum and 6 nanometer microfilaments are seen (11).
Microtubules and microfilaments were visualized in the cells as described previously [19].
The ultrastructure of the spindle cells shows the presence of discrete bundles of microfilaments that contain many dense bodies that measure between 5 and 7 nm in diameter as well as filaments that are not bundled that measure 10 nm in diameter.
Aligned microfilaments, evenly distributed matrix, and normal organelles were clearly observed without Schwann cell degeneration or proliferation [Figure 2].
Scientists began the experiments in 2012, implanting hundreds of hair-thin microfilaments in the premotor and somatosensory regions of the brains of two rhesus macaques.
Among the ultrastructural elements, the identification of cytoskeletal elements composed of microfilaments, intermediate filaments and microtubules, have contributed much to our understanding of the cell dynamics and intracellular movement in a way simply mimicked by cargos moving on rails without consideration of a wide variety of cytosolic proteins in the cytoplasmic matrix.
Transmissible gastroenteritis virus and porcine epidemic diarrhoea virus infection induces dramatic changes in the tight junctions and microfilaments of polarized IPEC-J2 cells [J].
"Thanks to microfilaments, which are 30 to 100 times thinner than a human hair, Evolon's worldwide patented technology provides outstanding anti-scratch cleaning performance and freedom from lint," says Jean-Francois Kerhault, business segment manager for Evolon.