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The impairment or degradation of something, such as a ship's hull or mechanical equipment, as a result of the growth or activity of living organisms.

bi′o·foul′er n.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


the degradation of an artificial surface by biological growth
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
References in periodicals archive ?
The development of microfouling on four commercial antifouling coatings under static and dynamic immersion.
Diatoms form a large part of the microfouling community and colonize in advance of macro-foulers.
Microfouling communities from pelagic and benthic marine plastic debris sampled across Mediterranean coastal waters.
Becker, "Detachment studies on microfouling in natural biofilms on substrata with different surface tensions," International Biodeterioration and Biodegradation, vol.
(5,18) A drum of 1 m rotating at 6 knots was used to investigate microfouling during static and dynamic immersion.
The mechanism of biodegradation by decay fungi generally involves microfouling or biofilm formation and physical penetration into the material matrix accompanied by a chemical reaction (enzymatic degradation) process at the reactive site of materials [11,13], whereas stain fungi can grow on the surface of PVC materials as well as colonize deep into the wood of the composites, subsequently producing masses of colored spores from shades of green to black.
Marine biofilm forming bacteria which were isolated from the hull of the ship were identified through 16S rDNA analysis based on their ability to cause microfouling. The ability of the green synthesized nanoparticles to control/prevent the biofilm forming bacterial communities (which were considered as primary colonizers) was studied by conducting the antimicrofouling studies.
The observed increase in the microfouling biomass was due to enhanced settlement and growth of already colonized microbes on the panel surface (Immanuel et al., 2005).
(16.) [vector] Finlay, JA, Bennett, SM, Brewer, LH, Sokolova, A, Clay, G, Gunari, N, Meyer, AW, Walker, GC, Wendt, DEf Callow, ME, Callow, J A, Detty, MR, "Barnacle Settlement and Adhesion of Protein and Diatom Microfouling to Xerogel Films with Varying Wettability." Biofouling, 26 657-666 (2010)