The development of microfouling
on four commercial antifouling coatings under static and dynamic immersion.
Diatoms form a large part of the microfouling
community and colonize in advance of macro-foulers.
communities from pelagic and benthic marine plastic debris sampled across Mediterranean coastal waters.
Becker, "Detachment studies on microfouling
in natural biofilms on substrata with different surface tensions," International Biodeterioration and Biodegradation, vol.
Biofouling consists of two main components: microfouling
(5,18) A drum of 1 m rotating at 6 knots was used to investigate microfouling
during static and dynamic immersion.
The mechanism of biodegradation by decay fungi generally involves microfouling
or biofilm formation and physical penetration into the material matrix accompanied by a chemical reaction (enzymatic degradation) process at the reactive site of materials [11,13], whereas stain fungi can grow on the surface of PVC materials as well as colonize deep into the wood of the composites, subsequently producing masses of colored spores from shades of green to black.
Marine biofilm forming bacteria which were isolated from the hull of the ship were identified through 16S rDNA analysis based on their ability to cause microfouling
. The ability of the green synthesized nanoparticles to control/prevent the biofilm forming bacterial communities (which were considered as primary colonizers) was studied by conducting the antimicrofouling studies.
The observed increase in the microfouling
biomass was due to enhanced settlement and growth of already colonized microbes on the panel surface (Immanuel et al., 2005).
(16.) [vector] Finlay, JA, Bennett, SM, Brewer, LH, Sokolova, A, Clay, G, Gunari, N, Meyer, AW, Walker, GC, Wendt, DEf Callow, ME, Callow, J A, Detty, MR, "Barnacle Settlement and Adhesion of Protein and Diatom Microfouling
to Xerogel Films with Varying Wettability." Biofouling, 26 657-666 (2010)