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n.1.An unnatural smallness of the eyes, occurring as the result of disease or of imperfect development.
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One study suggests that in micro ophthalmic eyes of infants, primary IOL implantation is controversial due to unsubtle technical difficulties of implanting an IOL of adult size in these small eyes and also they got the small-diameter capsular bag in comparability of the IOL diameter, and post-operative complications like higher rate of Visual Axis Obscuration and refractive changes.12 Another study excluded microphthalmos (64% of respondents) for primary IOL implantation.13 Development of Secondary glaucoma after pediatric cataract surgery is an important postoperative complication.
([section]) * One or more of the following eye signs: cataract, microphthalmos, microcornea, congenital glaucoma, and pigmentary retinopathy.
The exclusion criteria were persistent hyperplastic primer vitreous, uveal inflammation or congenital glaucoma, microphthalmos, and coloboma.
In the present study congenital ocular anomalies (mainly microphthalmos, anophthalmos, coloboma etc.) accounted for 55.45% low vision.
In the National Birth Defects Prevention Study by Crider and colleagues, nitrofurantoin was associated with anophthalmia or microphthalmos (adjusted odds ratio [AOR], 3.7; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.1-12.2), hypoplastic left heart syndrome (AOR, 4.2; 95% CI, 1.9-9.1), atrial septal defects (AOR, 1.9; 95% CI, 1.1-3.4), and cleft lip with cleft palate (AOR, 2.1; 95% CI, 1.2-3.9).
Major criteria Minor criteria More than two basal cell Congenital skeletal anomaly: carcinomas, or BCCs; one BCC at bifid, fused, splayed or missing younger than 30 years of age; or rib or bifid, wedged or fused more than 10 basal cell nevi vertebra Any odontogenic keratocyst Occipital-frontal circumference, (proven on histology) or more than 97 percentile, with polyostotic bone cyst frontal bossing Three or more palmar or plantar Cardiac or ovarian fibroma pits Ectopic calcification: lamellar Medulloblastoma or early-at younger than 20 years Lymphomesenteric cysts of age-falx calcification Positive family history of nevoid Congenital malformation such as basal-cell carcinoma syndrome cleft lip or palate, polydactylism, or eye anomaly (cataract, coloboma, microphthalmos)
At age 5, she was assessed by an ophthalmologist and diagnosed with bilateral chorioretinal coloboma, left iris coloboma, left cataract, left sensory exotropia, and left microphthalmos. She was found to have normal vision in her right eye, but left eye was legally blind with only light perception intact.
The absence of foveal pit is commonly associated with other ophthalmic disorders such as ocular albinism, aniridia, microphthalmos, achromatopsia, and retinopathy of prematurity [2, 4, 5].
Thompson, "Heminasal proboscis with associated microphthalmos and encephalocele," Journal of Craniofacial Surgery, vol.
Microscopic abnormalities typically include microphthalmos, opaque and pigmented cornea, aphakia or microphakia, and absence of a normal anterior chamber.
The clinical spectrum of the small eye phenotype comprises conditions in which there is a global ocular reduction in size (e.g., microphthalmos and nanophthalmos) or shortening of either the anterior or posterior segments of the eye (e.g., relative anterior and posterior microphthalmos, resp.) (Table 1) [1-3].
Whereas in a screening of genetic eye diseases in China, the prevalence of strabismus was 0.58%, degenerative myopia was found as 0.95%, congenital cataract as 0.037%, retinitis pigmentosa 0.03%, congenital nystagmus 0.025 %, congenital microphthalmos 0.009%, and congenital glaucoma 0.004%.11