Microphthalmia

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Related to Microphthalmos: microphthalmia

Mi`croph`thal´mi`a


n.1.An unnatural smallness of the eyes, occurring as the result of disease or of imperfect development.
References in periodicals archive ?
6%) of the cases in which CFP was indicated is due to congenital anomalies like microphthalmos, anophthalmos and in the cases of the Buphthalmos after the eye ball was removed surgically.
It was initially thought that the effects of cryotherapy were responsible for high myopia in retinopathy of prematurity, however, it is now believed to be due to relative anterior microphthalmos (relative growth arrest of the anterior segment compared to the posterior segment).
Jung KI, Yang JW Lee YC, Kim SY Cataract Surgery in Eyes With Nanophthalmos and relative anterior microphthalmos.
Classic findings seen with posterior type include microphthalmos and a retrolental mass within the Cloquet's canal, often described as a "martini glass" or "wine glass" appearance, representing the persistent fibrovascular tissue that places traction on the retina causing detachment.
Microphthalmos (small and abnormal eye) and microcornea (corneal diameter less than 10 mm) are often associated with other anterior segment abnormalities like glaucoma or cataracts.
Clinicopathologic correlation of microphthalmos with cyst.
Conditions may make an upper eyelid appear low (pseudoptosis), including a hypertropia on the contralateral side, microphthalmos, blepharochalasis, phthisis bulbi, dermatochala-sis, or a superior sulcus defect secondary to trauma or cicatrix.
New observations on midline defects: coincidence of anophthalmos, microphthalmos and cryptophthalmos with hypothalamic disorders.
The spectrum of changes that have been reported are nystagmus, strabismus, microphthalmos, ptosis, blue sclera, pigmentation of the conjunctiva, corneal changes, cataract, optic atrophy, vitreous haemorrhage and myopia.