Sins of the Tongue in the Medieval West: Sinful, Unethical, and Criminal Words in Middle Dutch
(1300-1550) by Martine Veldhuizen aims to 'investigate the extent to which there is an overarching discourse of destructive speech behaviour in Middle Dutch
writings between 1300 and 1550' (p.
From the Middle Dutch
masel, "blemish." References to the disease date back to at least 700 AD, but the first recorded scientific description of measles was in the 10th century AD by the Persian physician Ibn Razi, who described it as "more dreaded than smallpox." Prior to 1963, when the first measles vaccine was licensed, 3-4 million cases and 450 deaths occurred in the United States every year.
This inspired scholars in Munster to bring together texts from the Middle Dutch
tradition in a reliable edition and others to investigate, with different approaches, a variety of aspects of the Golden Legend.
Under loam in the sense of 'clay' etc, OED gives Middle Dutch
and Dutch leem, and modern High German lehm as cognates.
Johanna Prins does not explicitly employ dialogic theory, but her study of a Middle Dutch
'Abel' play focuses on instances of language repeated in different contexts, in order to show how feudal, aristocratic discourse was appropriated and challenged by the urban bourgeoisie.
The origin of the name conjures up several possibilities but is actually of Germanic roots, or rather Middle Dutch
with "pedal" meaning "low land".
These translations are especially welcome, precisely because the texts are in Middle Dutch
. The editor was wise enough to consult specialized musicologists and linguists from the Netherlands and Flanders, enabling him to clear effortlessly the most hazardous obstacles these texts present.
The stated aim is to give an impression of the range and diversity both of literature in Middle Dutch
and of modern scholarship in this field.