The site is significant as our long-term multidisciplinary research has yielded new information in terms of the chronology of successive Acheulian and Middle Palaeolithic
(MP) occupation, nature of the stone tool assemblages, implications for behavioural changes and past climatic changes.
In a study in the journal (https://www.nature.com/articles/nature25444) Nature , the researchers wrote that the stone tools show a shift from the prehistoric technology of the early Stone Age, known as the (https://www.britannica.com/topic/Acheulean-industry) Acheulean , to the technology of the mid-Stone Age - also called the Middle Palaeolithic
- at the beginning of that timespan.
Rock art sites occur in central Saudi Arabia at the Jubbah palaeo-lake in the Hail region, where there is excellent evidence for Middle Palaeolithic
sites along lake shores.
Historically speaking, some of the flint tools found in the grotto point to inhabitants from the Middle Palaeolithic
age, also known as the Mousterian culture.
The report covers the Lynford Middle Palaeolithic
site; stratigraphy, association B, and dating; environmental evidence; deposit and assemblage formation; the archaeological assemblages of animals and lithics; and the Lynford Neanderthals.
In summary, the presence of human remains in ali of the sites found for the Upper and Middle Palaeolithic
and almost all those in the Upper Palaeolithic period (with the possible exceptions of El Sidron -Fortea et al., 2003-, Lagar Velho and the Aura, Gonzalez Tablas and Jimenez work seasons at Nerja) seems to correspond to derived and/or accidental contexts, in which it is not easy to identify any funerary apparatus.
The researchers analyzed 25 beads from four sites in North Africa from the Middle Palaeolithic
Potts (Pages 13-22); Middle Palaeolithic
Assemblage in Abu Dhabi Emirate: The view from Jebel Barakah, by G.
Dibble, Harold 1995 'Raw material availability, intensity of utilization, and Middle Palaeolithic
assemblage variability' in H Dibble and M Lenoir (eds) The Middle Palaeolithic
Site of Combe-Capelle Bas (France), University of Pennsylvania Museum, Philadelphia, pp.289-315.
There is limited faunal material available from this site, and like most other Middle Palaeolithic
sites in Europe, plant remains do not survive, so isotopic analysis is the only method that could be used to reconstruct the diet and subsistence strategies of these two Neanderthals.