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n. pl. Mid·rash·im (mĭd-rô′shĭm, mĭd′rä-shēm′)
Any of a group of Jewish commentaries on the Hebrew Scriptures compiled between ad 200 and 1200 and based on exegesis, parable, and haggadic legend.

[Hebrew midrāš, commentary, explanation, Midrash, from dāraš, to seek, study; see drš in Semitic roots.]


(ˈmɪdræʃ; Hebrew miˈdraʃ)
n, pl midrashim (mɪˈdrɔʃɪm; Hebrew midraˈʃim)
1. (Judaism) a homily on a scriptural passage derived by traditional Jewish exegetical methods and consisting usually of embellishment of the scriptural narrative
2. (Judaism) one of a number of collections of such homilies composed between 400 and 1200 ad
[C17: from Hebrew: commentary, from darash to search]
midrashic adj



n., pl. mid•ra•shim (ˌmi drɑˈʃim)
mid•ra•shoth, mid•ra•shot (ˌmi drɑˈʃɔt)
1. an early Jewish interpretation of or commentary on a Biblical text.
2. (cap.) a collection of such commentaries, esp. those written in the first ten centuries A.D.
[1605–15; < Hebrew midrāsh literally, exposition]
mid•rash•ic (mɪdˈræʃ ɪk) adj.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Midrash - (Judaism) an ancient commentary on part of the Hebrew scriptures that is based on Jewish methods of interpretation and attached to the biblical text
Judaism - the monotheistic religion of the Jews having its spiritual and ethical principles embodied chiefly in the Torah and in the Talmud
commentary, comment - a written explanation or criticism or illustration that is added to a book or other textual material; "he wrote an extended comment on the proposal"
References in periodicals archive ?
Their topics include between hermeneutics and rhetorics: the parable of the slave who buys a rotten fish in exegetical and homiletical Midrashim, imitating Dutch Protestants: Jewish educational literature on Biblical history from the 19th and first half of the 20th centuries, Midrash Bereshit Rabbah in Christian bindings: a newly discovered medieval Ashkenazic manuscript fragment from Jena, Noachide laws: a viable option as an alternative for full conversion to Judaism, and a queen of many colors.
Midrash is often described as "atomistic", or "versocentric", meaning that it focuses narrowly on specific details of a text rather than seeking to understand them in context.
Neusner eschews scholarship done by others, apologizing that contemporary scholars on midrash are engaged (wrongly in his opinion) in inductive midrash study, which tells us only what the text contains but not why the text is what it is, what is meant by the text, and what we can learn from the text as is.
A multi-decade scholarly effort first published in Israel, the Hebrew Steinsaltz Talmud has long been a print staple of the beit midrash, while the English edition has been distributed by Random House and Koren Publishers.
The Rabbinical Exegetical Tradition: Midrash and the Zohar
Based on this analysis we can then, in section two, identify the historical context of the midrash and offer a tentative dating in section three.
It cites the Hebrew Bible, and Talmud, and the Midrash in the course of identifying humor in these writings, instances of irony, and examples of early humor and how they relate to contemporary Jewish culture and jokes.
The yeshiva's Beis Midrash, located in Beis Tefilah Yona Avraham, Ramat Beit Shemesh, will also serve as the World Center for all it's long distant learning projects.
Contributors in Jewish and Hebrew studies seek to enlarge the perspective on Midrash and midrashic creativity to show how it is a fundamental form of Jewish culture and has maintained an identifiable coherence and integrity in all its expressions over the course of two millennia.
Norman Simms, Alfred Dreyfus: Man, Milieu, Mentality, and Midrash.
By some definitions, midrash is the process of interpretation early rabbis used to explain moments of discrepancy or confusion within a text.
The whole affair, according to the Midrash was a play on words.