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n. pl. Mid·rash·im (mĭd-rô′shĭm, mĭd′rä-shēm′)
Any of a group of Jewish commentaries on the Hebrew Scriptures compiled between ad 200 and 1200 and based on exegesis, parable, and haggadic legend.

[Hebrew midrāš, commentary, explanation, Midrash, from dāraš, to seek, study; see drš in Semitic roots.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(ˈmɪdræʃ; Hebrew miˈdraʃ)
n, pl midrashim (mɪˈdrɔʃɪm; Hebrew midraˈʃim)
1. (Judaism) a homily on a scriptural passage derived by traditional Jewish exegetical methods and consisting usually of embellishment of the scriptural narrative
2. (Judaism) one of a number of collections of such homilies composed between 400 and 1200 ad
[C17: from Hebrew: commentary, from darash to search]
midrashic adj
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014



n., pl. mid•ra•shim (ˌmi drɑˈʃim)
mid•ra•shoth, mid•ra•shot (ˌmi drɑˈʃɔt)
1. an early Jewish interpretation of or commentary on a Biblical text.
2. (cap.) a collection of such commentaries, esp. those written in the first ten centuries A.D.
[1605–15; < Hebrew midrāsh literally, exposition]
mid•rash•ic (mɪdˈræʃ ɪk) adj.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Midrash - (Judaism) an ancient commentary on part of the Hebrew scriptures that is based on Jewish methods of interpretation and attached to the biblical text
Judaism - the monotheistic religion of the Jews having its spiritual and ethical principles embodied chiefly in the Torah and in the Talmud
commentary, comment - a written explanation or criticism or illustration that is added to a book or other textual material; "he wrote an extended comment on the proposal"
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
In sections on sacred reading: analyzing the text, sacred viewing: watching the text, and sacred play: performing the text, they consider such topics as Harry Potter and the sacred text: fiction, reading, and meaning-making; Supernatural's Winchester Gospel: a fantastic Midrash; experiencing the sacred: The Hobbit as a holy text; until the end of the world: fans as messianic heroes in World of Warcraft, and Muslim women coplayers: intersecting religious, cultural, and fan identities.
We will start by presenting the idea of the film as midrash, engaging with the nature of midrashic tradition and introducing the film and its makers (Section 1).
Se trata de quince piezas literarias que reciben el nombre de madrashe, termino emparentado con la denominacion rabinica midrash. Este midrash es un comentario a la Escritura fruto de una <<busqueda>> (derash), en la que tambien tiene su lugar la tradicion oral.
Midrash is often described as "atomistic", or "versocentric", meaning that it focuses narrowly on specific details of a text rather than seeking to understand them in context.
Take, for example, Neusner's approach to midrash. Comparative Midrash: The Plan and Program of Genesus Rabba and Levitivcus Rabbah (1986) is illustrative of his take on the uses and abuse of aggadic midrash, that is, nonlegal ethical and hermeneutical pronouncements peppered with philosophical wisdom and a vast amount of folk tradition tied to a historical context, though aspects of it are legal and very close to the halakhic strands of the Talmud.
If you've studied classic Jewish texts, "Sodom" calls up a tradition stretching back from Rashi through the midrash to Genesis that alludes to wider principles of public responsibility--what we now call politics--that are as basic to Judaism as Torah study, prayer and Shabbat.
A multi-decade scholarly effort first published in Israel, the Hebrew Steinsaltz Talmud has long been a print staple of the beit midrash, while the English edition has been distributed by Random House and Koren Publishers.
The Rabbinical Exegetical Tradition: Midrash and the Zohar
Based on this analysis we can then, in section two, identify the historical context of the midrash and offer a tentative dating in section three.
It cites the Hebrew Bible, and Talmud, and the Midrash in the course of identifying humor in these writings, instances of irony, and examples of early humor and how they relate to contemporary Jewish culture and jokes.
The yeshiva's Beis Midrash, located in Beis Tefilah Yona Avraham, Ramat Beit Shemesh, will also serve as the World Center for all it's long distant learning projects.
Contributors in Jewish and Hebrew studies seek to enlarge the perspective on Midrash and midrashic creativity to show how it is a fundamental form of Jewish culture and has maintained an identifiable coherence and integrity in all its expressions over the course of two millennia.