Certainly religious "insanity" seems to fall into a least three categories: (1) apocalyptic despair (Millerism
, for example), which can overlap with or cause (2) salvational melancholy (my term), and (3) demonomania (whereby a person thinks she is possessed by demons or is otherwise under the influence of Satan).
Though short-lived, Millerism
attracted nearly 50,000 followers and convinced many Christians--laypeople and trained preachers alike--that the Second Coming of Christ would occur in either 1843 or 1844.
Persons who adhered to Millerism
or other "fundamental" or "non-Orthodox" religious beliefs (a label often applied then to anything outside of the Protestant church) were frequently labeled as lunatics and sent to asylums.
The Disappointed: Millerism
and Millenicdism in the Nineteenth Century.
Yet when Loughner was arraigned, just a day after Potok published his speculations, he didn't invoke a single Millerism
Butler, eds, The Disappointed: Millerism
and Millenarianism in the Nineteenth Century (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1987).
Over the years he drew many followers, Millerism
became a worldwide movement and he set the date as March 21, 1844.
Against the background of Europe Howells examines what a contemporary admirer of Howells calls the 'emotional anarchy' in America, where 'an emotion is so sacred a thing that no outsider but not even its possessor may presume to undertake its regulation', so that no 'emotional code' prevails." (21) Its absence leads to 'the national reproach of Daisy Millerism
', the problem of 'the innocently adventurous mettlesome American maiden' who, when travelling in Europe, unknowingly becomes a cause of social scandal and emotional havoc (Howells, The Rise of Silas Lapham, XII, 21).
"derivation" such as "Joe Millerism
" (B Tales I 1) / "coach-horser" (P 43).
Drawing heavily on secondary sources, she traces the emergence of the movement out of Millerism
in the 1840s, clearly summarizes the distinctive elements of Adventist doctrine and its transformation, and outlines the development and structure of church organization.
Barton offers a succinct review of Millerism
and its evolution into the contemporary Adventist community in Lancaster.
Butler, The Disappointed: Millerism
and Millenarianism in the Nineteenth Century (Bloomington, IN, 1987).