Minamata disease


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Related to Minamata disease: Itai itai disease

Min·a·ma·ta disease

 (mĭn′ə-mä′tə)
n.
A degenerative neurological disorder caused by poisoning with a mercury compound found in seafood obtained from waters contaminated with mercury-containing industrial waste.

[After Minamata, a town of western Kyushu, Japan.]

Min•a•ma′ta disease`

(ˌmɪn əˈmɑ tə)

n.
a severe form of mercury poisoning characterized by neurological degeneration.
[after Minamata Bay, Japan, source of fish poisoning in 1953–58]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Minamata disease - a form of mercury poisoning among people who ate fish from mercury-contaminated waters of Minamata Bay off Japan in the 1950s; characterized by severe neurological degeneration
mercury poisoning - a toxic condition caused by ingesting or inhaling mercury; acute mercury poisoning causes a metallic taste and vomiting and diarrhea and kidney problems that may lead to death
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References in periodicals archive ?
The highly toxic chemical affected fish and shellfish in the bay that were then eaten by humans, who contracted mercury poisoning, which came to be known as Minamata disease.
With its first-hand experience of Minamata disease, a serious illness caused by mercury poisoning and named after the Japanese city where it was first discovered, Japan has played a leading role in global mercury reduction.
And it is almost always associated with Minamata disease. It is named after a port city in southeastern Kyushu in Japan.
The plotline of the film follows the story of World War II photographer Eugene Smith on his way to Japan in the 1970s to document the Minamata disease scandal, wherein a chemical company was responsible in affecting a coastal community.
Minamata disease revisited: an update on the acute and chronic manifestations of methyl mercury poisoning.
Distal extremity hypoalgesia was not observed, and all patients had no severe central nervous system symptoms, such as lags in response, seizures, confusion, difficulty in swallowing, glossolalia, deafness, narrow field of vision, strabismus, or photophobia, which were similar with Minamata disease.[2]
This prompted calls for the declaration of a health crisis and the immediate evacuation and relocation of residents who showed symptoms of Minamata disease, named after the fishing village in Japan that in the late 1950s suffered the effects of mercury poisoning.
[4] Social Scientific Study Group on Minamata Disease, In the Hope of Avoiding Repetition of Tragedy of Minamata Disease, National Institute for Minamata Disease, Minamata, Japan, 1999.
Hanada, an expert on Minamata disease, and his colleague received a standing ovation for their commitment to both communities.
In the 1960s, industrial mercury contamination of the local river system brought congenital Minamata Disease to Grassy Narrows as well as mass unemployment.
Mercury pollution can lead to severe neurological ailments such as Minamata disease. The ESTH hubs are working to build awareness of the problem and encourage local authorities to adhere to the Minamata Convention on Mercury, a treaty that aims to reduce mercury pollution.
One such case was the outbreak of what is now known as Minamata disease in Japan in the 1960s.