The Minie rifle
, the first smokeless-powder issue rifle, the first practical semiautomatic military rifle used in warfare, the first metallic cartridge revolver to be issued in large numbers, and the list goes on.
The average soldier was still armed with a smoothbore musket and would be until the advent of the Model 1855 Springfield Minie Rifle
In range it is fully equal to a minie rifle
and the facility and accuracy with which it is loaded and discharged renders our dismounted cavalry more than equal the enemy's infantry and far superior to their cavalry"
Party nn nffirials exnressed intprest in this mvnbitinnartr design, with trials beginning as early as 1858 pitting the Whitworth against the issue pattern 1853 Enfield Minie rifle
. While the Whitworth showed promise, and different variations were tested for various reasons, serious trials kept being postponed.
Some four years later the United States brought out its version of the Minie rifle, which used a .58-caliber bullet of the Burton design.
The Pattern 1853 Enfield was not Britain's first Minie rifle but a "smallbore" .577-caliber improvement and upgrade of the earlier .702-caliber Pattern 1851.
By the time Sebastopol fell on September 9, 1855, most British troops had been issued the new Pattern 1851 Minie Rifle
or, to a lesser degree, the Pattern 1853 Rifle-Musket.
In 1855 the United States, following the lead of other nations, adopted a .58-caliber Minie rifle
musket, thus turning every infantryman in the army into a rifleman.
infantry arm was a then state-of-the-art .58 caliber Springfield muzzle-loading Minie rifle
musket, with many regulars and state troops armed with more archaic weaponry.
In doing so, he challenges the orthodox view of the distinguished Civil War historian Bruce Catton, who reckoned that the new Minie rifles
(available to both sides) had the power and range to dominate the battlefield out to 400 yards and impose crushing losses on the attacker.
Although it had been hampered by the reluctance of parliament to spend money on it, despite the constant exhortations of the Duke and others, it was not still stuck in the time of Waterloo but had undergone significant reform in the previous twenty years and was at least equipped with Minie rifles
rather than muskets.
This did take some time, however, and for a period muskets, rifled carbines and Minie rifles
cohabited in the system.