minimal pair

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minimal pair

n
(Linguistics) linguistics a pair of speech elements in a given language differing in only one respect and thus serving to identify minimum units such as phonemes, morphemes, etc. For example, tin and din constitute a minimal pair in English

min′imal pair′


n.
a pair of words, as pin and bin, differing only by one sound in the same position in each word, esp. when taken as evidence of a phonemic contrast.
[1940–45]
Translations
Minimalpaar
References in periodicals archive ?
Each sentence invites the respondent to choose one of two words that are coupled together and are in fact minimal pairs in terms of vowel quantity, vowel quality or both (following RP).
6 other distinctive vowels); with PerceOcl, it is possible to evaluate the identification of stops, from 30 minimal pairs (6 stops x 5); with PerceFric, it is possible to evaluate the identification of fricatives, considering 30 contrasting pairs (6 fricatives x 5) and; finally, with PerceSon, it is possible to evaluate the identification of the sonorants, from 42 contrasting pairs (7 sonorants (3 nasals and 4 liquids) x 6).
This paper tries to show those contrasts by setting up minimal pairs and near minimal pairs.
Zaharescu, Minimal pairs of definition of a residual transcendental extension of a valuation, J.
It also contains reproducible cheat sheets; exercises; word lists; forms; shells for speech exercises and language activities; demonstrations of place, manner, and voicing; phonetic placement and shaping techniques; words divided by phonetic and word environments; deletions; themes; and minimal pairs.
In order to identify oral vowels, minimal pairs are used.
Minimal pairs formed on the basis of aspiration, voicing, place of articulation, and manner of articulation exhibit semantic contrast.
For example, activities featuring minimal pairs and dictation are both included.
Use all transitions of a peptide (peak area from XICs) to calculate relative ratios by either the minimal pairs or all-pairs method.
First, they enter in contrastive relations, so that there are minimal pairs for tone.
The phonemic analysis would 'emerge' from the phonetic properties of a corpus, without the analyst needing to be aware that two phonetically similar stretches were merely variant pronunciations of the same word (i.e., that the pronunciations were in free variation), or whether they in fact constituted pronunciations of different words (i.e., constituted minimal pairs).
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