caused great damage in the epithelial region of the host, the cells seemed to be 'empty', secretory cells disappeared and connective tissue was damaged.
and their snail hosts might have increased.
Fasciola hepatica: characteristics of infection in Lymnaea truncatula in relation to the number of Miracidia
Sexual reproduction produces parasite eggs which invariably exit the definitive host via faeces, which then hatch into miracidia
(small mobile larvae) when the eggs contact seawater.
The eggs contain fully formed miracidia
when voided through faeces, urine or nasal discharge depending upon the species (Soulsby, 1982).
. Every sample was initially read by two examiners and reviewed by a third examiner if there was a disagreement.
Caption: FIGURE 1: (a) Lanes 2 and 3 represent adult worm DNA, lane 4 represents miracidia
DNA, lane 5 represents schistosome egg DNA, lanes 6 and 7 represent cercarial DNA, lane 8 represents a -ve control (containing a premix only), and lanes 1 and 9 represent the molecular marker.
Snail related factors include their genes, defense system, and age at the time of exposure to miracidia
(Richards, Knight, & Lewis, 1992; Abou-El-Naga & Radwan, 2012; Abou-El-Naga, Eissa, Mossallam, & Abd El-Halim, 2010; Abou-El-Naga, Sadaka, Amer, Diab, & Khedr, 2015).
Eggs released in deer pellets develop into miracidia
The cause of death was attributed to air sac trematodes, which were identified as Szidatitrema species based on morphology of adult trematodes and miracidia
isolated from a snail intermediate host.
The oblique muscle fiber got damaged may be due to penetration of miracidia
at the time of infection in the nature.