Mishnah


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Related to Mishnah: Talmud, Midrash

Mish·nah

also Mish·na  (mĭsh′nə)
n. Judaism
1. The first section of the Talmud, being a collection of early oral interpretations of the scriptures as compiled about ad 200.
2. A paragraph from this section of the Talmud.
3. The teaching of a rabbi or other noted authority on Jewish laws.

[Mishnaic Hebrew mišnâ, repetition, instruction, from šānâ, to repeat; see ṯn in Semitic roots.]

Mish·na′ic (mĭsh-nā′ĭk) adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

Mish•nah

or Mish•na

(ˈmɪʃ nə, mɪʃˈnɑ)

n., pl. Mish•na•yoth, Mish•na•yot (ˌmɪʃ nɑˈyɔt) Mish•nahs. Judaism.
1. the collection of oral laws compiled about a.d. 200 and forming the basic part of the Talmud.
2. an article or section of this collection.
[1600–10; < Medieval Hebrew mishnāh literally, teaching by oral repetition]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Mishnah - the first part of the TalmudMishnah - the first part of the Talmud; a collection of early oral interpretations of the scriptures that was compiled about AD 200
Talmud - the collection of ancient rabbinic writings on Jewish law and tradition (the Mishna and the Gemara) that constitute the basis of religious authority in Orthodox Judaism
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
His final section considers minor tractates and translations: Massekhot Ketanot (minor tractates), Christian-Hebraists: the Talmud (Mishnah) in translation, and William Wotten and his translation of Shabbat and Eruvin.
Beginning with the Tanakh's conclusion and ending around the time that the Mishnah and New Testament appear, the Second Temple period encompasses the lifespan of the namesake temple in Jerusalem, from the return of the exiled Jewish population to Judea around 539 BCE to the temple's destruction in 70 CE.
...On the ninth of Av it was decreed that our fathers should not enter the [Promised] Land, the Temple was destroyed the first and second time, Bethar was captured and the city [Jerusalem] was ploughed up,"- Mishnah Ta'anit 4:6.
Had we the benefit of the Tannaim, the great compilers of the Mishnah, still ambling in our midst today, you can be sure that rather than a cheerful "I should work out more in 2018" we would've received a new Talmudic tomeTractate Crossfit, perhapsdetailing precisely how many workouts a week are advised, and which blessing must be recited upon munching on a Kind bar.
The second edition of Johannan ben Zakkai, a pivotal turn in Neusner's turn toward a more critical, less positivist approach, and Judaism: Evidence of the Mishnah, one of Neusner's most important works, do not appear until pages 110 and 151, respectively.
STORIES OF THE LAW: NARRATIVE DISCOURSE AND THE CONSTRUCTION OF AUTHORITY IN THE MISHNAH
A different perspective which magnificently delineates the difference between prayer and meditation, and yet, their harmonious relationship, can be found in the discussion on Mishnah Brakhot 5:1 in the Talmud:
That the Mishnah itself took the verse literally and apparently considered the breach to be of a very serious nature, in accordance with the view of R.
It should be noted that commentaries from the Mishnah and the Talmud to present- day interpretations are included.
Then he said, "Do you really want a Mishnah like the Jewish Mishnah?" [2].
Here the author suggests that the differences between the yahad and the havurah may be as much about the literary forms and rhetorical functions of the sources in which the descriptions are embedded (the Community Rule for the former and the Mishnah and Tosefta for the latter) as they are related to any historical social formations to which they may point.
This book works like a Talmud in both senses of Mishnah and Gemara, where the Mishnah explicates and debates Jewish Oral Law and the Gemara takes on, with risk, related topics and Torah Law.