misnomer

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mis·no·mer

 (mĭs-nō′mər)
n.
1. An error in naming a person or place.
2.
a. Application of a wrong name.
b. A name wrongly or unsuitably applied to a person or object.

[Middle English misnoumer, from Old French mesnomer, to misname : mes-, wrongly; see mis-1 + nommer, to name (from Latin nōmināre, from nōmen, name; see nō̆-men- in Indo-European roots).]

mis·no′mered adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

misnomer

(ˌmɪsˈnəʊmə)
n
1. an incorrect or unsuitable name or term for a person or thing
2. the act of referring to a person by the wrong name
[C15: via Anglo-Norman from Old French mesnommer to misname, from Latin nōmināre to call by name]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

mis•no•mer

(mɪsˈnoʊ mər)

n.
1. a misapplied or inappropriate name or designation.
2. an error in naming a person or thing.
[1425–75; late Middle English < Anglo-French, n. use of Middle French mesnomer to misname]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.misnomer - an incorrect or unsuitable name
name - a language unit by which a person or thing is known; "his name really is George Washington"; "those are two names for the same thing"
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations
harhaanjohtava
névhibatévedés

misnomer

[ˌmɪsˈnəʊməʳ] Nnombre m equivocado or inapropiado
that is a misnomerese nombre es impropio
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

misnomer

[ˌmɪsˈnəʊmər] nterme m impropre
to be a misnomer (= an incorrect description) → être un terme impropre
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

misnomer

Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007

misnomer

[ˌmɪsˈnəʊməʳ] n to call her a cook is a misnomernon si può certo definirla una cuoca
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995
References in classic literature ?
I look upon it as the climax of all misnomers, the boldest of all frauds, and the grossest of all libels.
They deal, to be sure, with the office of Criticism and the art of Fiction, and so far their present name is not a misnomer. It follows them from an earlier date and could not easily be changed, and it may serve to recall to an elder generation than this the time when their author was breaking so many lances in the great, forgotten war between Realism and Romanticism that the floor of the "Editor's Study" in Harper's Magazine was strewn with the embattled splinters.
Thof Squire Dickon “—this was a common misnomer with Benjamin—” is a nice gentleman, and as good a man to sail with as heart could wish, yet I shall tel the squire, d’ye see, in plain English, and that’s my native tongue, that if-so-be he is thinking of putting any Johnny Raw over my head, why, I shall resign.
Other than the misnomers (twice!) it's a killer zine dedicated to ripping pools and taking road trips.