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 (mĭ-tăn′ē, -tä′nē)
An ancient kingdom of northwest Mesopotamia between the Euphrates and Tigris Rivers. Founded probably by Aryans, the kingdom was established c. 1500 bc, came under Hittite domination by 1350, and was conquered by Assyria c. 1275.

Mi·tan′ni·an adj. & n.
References in periodicals archive ?
The former, an eccentric scholar even among committed Nazis, led Oppenheim to take a racialized approach in his investigations, and Max concluded that Tell Halaf had been a bastion of the "Aryan Mittani.
Ali said police raided the militant hideout on a tip that some suicide bombers were hiding in the area of Mittani.
The Armana letters flora the fourteenth century BC record purple textiles sent from the Mittani to the pharaoh Amenophis III, whilst Ugaritic and Hittite documents record their inherent value (Rheinhold 1970).
The kingdom of Mittani occupied roughly the same territory spanning Syria, Iraq, Turkey, and Iran in the 14th Century BC that many Kurds now hope will one day form an independent Kurdistan.
Babylonia laid to the south and to the west was Assyria, whose revolt against the Hurrian kingdom of Mittani probably led to Nuzi's destruction in the 14th century and ultimately contributed to Mittani's collapse.
However, Nuzi, which lies 13 km away, was an important town, and the tablets discovered there are all the more important since the sources available on the Mittani empire, which ruled over the entire region, are scarce.
We may here be encountering those early Caucasian-speaking groups mentioned in later written sources as Hurrians, who rose to power in the early second millennium BC in the Mittani state, and paved the way for other Indo-European-speaking groups, among them the Hittites, who according to historical and linguistic knowledge were intruders in Anatolia (Yoffee 1990: 306-8).
Streck doubts the historicity of the passage; differently Kuhne, "Imperial Mittani," 216; Freu, Histoire du Mitanni, 45.
Are they the king of Kassu or the king of Mittani that they take the land of the king for themselves?
The text examples from the Mittani Letter, the Hurro-Hittite Bilingual, and the Tis-atal inscription remain the same as in the first edition.
When the kingdom of Mittani fell to Assyria, a Mittanian chariot commander fled to Babylonia with 200 chariots and their crews.
Chapter seven explores the interactions among Kassite Babylonia, Hatti, New Kingdom Egypt, Mittani, and Assyria, with reference to diplomacy, trade, warfare, ideology, and social organization from 1500 to 1274 B.