Their inhabitants, and more precisely the Mon-Khmer
speaking groups who are the only uplanders seen as indigenous across this region, are generally considered to be former lowland populations who were displaced by the immigration of more technologically advanced peoples--such as Tai-speaking groups in the case of Laos and Thailand.
Some specific chapter topics covered include local drift and areal convergence in the restructuring of MSEA languages, the Mekong-Mamberamo linguistic area, and morphological functions among Mon-Khmer
In his chapter, Nicolas Revire carefully records all the traces of the Old Mon, hybrid Mon-Khmer
, Pali and Sanskrit inscriptions that indicate Buddhist cults centred on rituals for merit (punna) and donations (dana), and geared to tuning the adept's "conditioned" karmic balance for the next life.
The longhouse--the characteristic residential structure throughout most (but not all) of Borneo--appears nowhere else in the AN world except with one or two Sumatran groups, and among Chamic speakers in Vietnam and Cambodia who have been in intimate contact for centuries with their Mon-Khmer
neighbors, some of whom also construct them (Lebar, Hickey, and Musgrave 1964).
Finally, a comparison with Mon-Khmer
data could have shed a different light on some of Wolff's reconstructions.
Minorities speak an assortment of Mon-Khmer
, Hmong-Yao, and Tibeto-Burman languages.
It was first noticed by French travelers and missionaries in the late nineteenth/early twentieth centuries, and early opinion placed it erroneously in the Mon-Khmer
family, although the French comparativist Andre-Georges Haudricourt, in a series of articles beginning in 1958, soon demonstrated that Saek is a Tai dialect--more specifically, and surprisingly given its geographic location, that it is a member of the Northern Tai dialect group.
The other neighbor, Cambodia, speaks Khmer which is a Mon-Khmer
This region of the East Khasi Hills in northeast India's Meghalaya state is almost exclusively Khasi territory, and the Khasis, a Mon-Khmer
group originating from Southeast Asia, favour isolated valleys such as this one for their villages and betel nut plantations.
Geographically, the Burmans (Bamar) predominate in the flood plains of the great rivers, the Mon-Khmer
in the southeast, the Shan in the eastern hills, Tibeto-Burmans in the northern mountains and Rakhine in the northwest.
The unaccented schwa [e] of the initial syllable in most of the words, indicating that they exhibited the iambic (sesquisyllabic) accentual pattern typical of Mon-Khmer
In addition to the introduction and conclusion, there are four chapters addressing the textiles of, respectively: the Tai of Vietnam, Laos, Thailand and Hainan Island; Malayo Polynesians including Cham, Ede and Jarai; Mon-Khmer
in Highland Vietnam and Laos; and Tibeto-Burmans in Bhutan.