We walked transect every month in the morning before 10.00 am, when Himalayan Monals forage on the ground around their roosting sites (Ramesh, 2003).
Present study depicted that the Himalayan Monals were found between the altitudinal range of 1900m and 2650 m asl.
Natural history of a marked population of Chinese Monals Lophophorus lhuysiiSichuan province, China.
Keywords: Himalayan Monal pheasant, Distribution, Population, Neelum valley, Salkhala Game Reserve, Azad Jammu and Kashmir, Pakistan.
Monal pheasant (Himalayan Monal, Lophophorus impejanus; Family Phasianidae, Order Galliformes), distributed throughout the Himalayan mountain system, considered as the most significant bio-geographical zones, is well recognized for its ecological, cultural, and esthetic values (Kaul and Shakya, 2001; Seth, 2019).
Himalayan Monal is reported in all Himalayan protected areas and is native to Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Nepal, Bhutan, China and Myanmar (Yin, 1970; Johnsgard, 1986; Bhuju, 2001; Bhuju et al., 2007; Zaman, 2008; Miller, 2013; Xiaochun et al., 2011).
Previous studies on population parameter, population density and encounter rate of Monal pheasant show variation in population density and encounter rate in different areas (Bhattacharya and Sathyakumar, 2007; Poudyal, 2008; Zaman, 2008; Jolli and Pandit, 2011; Xiaochun et al.,2011).
According to IUCN (2019), the Monal pheasant is Least Concern, but this spectacular bird is facing different anthropogenic threats due to which its population is declining throughout its distribution range (Chen et al., 2017; Kumar, 2018) including Pakistan and Azad Jammu and Kashmir.
Although some reports are available on occurrence and distribution of Himalayan Monal in Pakistan, existing literature lacks any detailed study on ecology of this precious bird in Azad Jammu and Kashmir and Pakistan.