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Instead, they used previous literature to distinguish between Northern European and South European countries as being either monochronic (North) or polychronic (South; Bluedorn, 1998
Hall suggested there were two types of timekeepers: monochronic and polychronic (Frei, Racicot, & Travagline, 1998).
Views toward time will be investigated from two perspectives: 1) Hall's monochronic (M-time) and polychronic (P-time) classification?
Hall (1959) introduced three basic components to comprehend various aspects of cultures: monochronic and polychronic time orientation, proxemics and high context and low context culture.
An introduction to monochronic and polychronic time.
Linear-active types are consequently "monochronic." They concentrate on doing one thing at a time, and they do it within a fixed schedule.
Moreover, effect of a person's polychronic or monochronic time style has vital concern in understanding his or her personal approach to time management at the work (Madjar and Oldham, 2006).
Turning away from what Bakhtin would later distinguish as "epic" or "monochronic" and "hierarchical" absolutist historical representation, Brown's history writings, in Kamrath's estimation, "record his emerging dialogical perspective on the carnivalesque nature of historical representation and his concern with how readers understood the past relative to the present" (229).
In our work we talk about two temporal mindsets: monochronic and polychronic.
Other cultural dichotomies, such as monochronic versus polychronic (how important is punctuality, or avoiding interruptions?), expressive versus reserved (how vocal is one expected to be?) and formal versus informal (how critically important is it to respect hierarchical status?) are also examined at length.
These patterns are described as arising out of five particular dichotomies: deal-focused versus relationship-focused business behavior, direct (low-context) versus indirect (high-context) communications, informal (egalitarian) versus formal (hierarchical) business behavior, rigid-time (monochronic) versus fluid-time (polychronic) cultures, and emotionally expressive versus emotionally reserved business behavior.
Transcultural managers in open organisations will have to understand that matters more important than money and pure profit fulfil the interest of a business community open to dialogue and emotional exchange (Rusinko, 2010; Shrivastava, 2010), whereas many western organisational practices are prone to monochronic behaviour.
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- Monochrome Graphics Adapter
- Monochrome Lens Assembly
- monochrome signal
- Monochrome Super Twisted Nematic
- monochrome television
- Monochrome Video Graphics Array
- monocistronic messenger
- Monocistronic mRNA
- Monocistronic mRNA
- Monocle Sign