Among impoverished white communities, the Monongahela Valley
of Pennsylvania has been studied by Katherine McLean, PhD, as an example of postindustrial decay (Int J Drug Policy.
By then, playwright Rice and her team will have logged hundreds of hours learning about and making connections in Braddock, Pa., the small, struggling, largely African-American mill town in the Monongahela Valley
just outside Pittsburgh that's the setting of this immersive, site-specific work.
At least one employer, Monongahela Valley
Hospital, implemented a creative strategy to prevent cell phone use in meetings -- employees whose phones ring during meetings must get up and do the chicken dance.
The participants were recruited between 1986 and 1988 in Baltimore, Md.; Minneapolis, Minn.; Portland, Ore.; and Pennsylvania's Monongahela Valley
. Researchers measured spinal curvature with a flexicurve and assessed vertebral fractures from spinal radiographs; they assessed mortality based on follow-ups averaging 13.5 years.
For example, a 2001 comparison of sample populations of people 65 and older in Ballabgarh, India, and in Monongahela Valley
, Pa., found that only 4.7 cases of probable Alzheimer's disease were diagnosed per year among every 1,000 people in India, while the comparable rate in the Pennsylvania sample was 17.5 cases--almost four times as high.
That study was funded through the National Institutes of Health and recruited 9,704 community-dwelling women, 65 years of age or older, in Baltimore County, Md.; Minneapolis; and the Monongahela Valley
This report is based, in part, on contributions by SS Stephens, Butler Memorial Hospital; D Lauze, Canonsburg General Hospital; Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh; MJ Bellush, Excela Health Frick Hospital; R Volpe, Heritage Valley Health System, The Medical Center, Beaver; S Silvestri, Heritage Valley Health System, Sewickley Valley Hospital; S Krystofiak, MS, Mercy Hospital of Pittsburgh; K Liberatore, Monongahela Valley
Hospital, Inc.; SL Jacobs, MS, St.
Hospital, 2004 WL 1563059 A.2d--PA