monoterpene

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monoterpene

(ˈmɒnəˌtɜːpiːn)
n
(Chemistry) chem an isoprene unit, C5H8, forming a terpene
References in periodicals archive ?
The phytochemical screening was carried out to detect the presence of secondary metabolites such as alkaloids, flavonoids, quinones, polyphenols, tannins, saponins, steroids, monoterpenoid, triterpenoid, and sesquiterpenoid were performed following the method described by Farnsworth.
Another monoterpenoid that deserves attention is linalool, as recent studies have suggested a potential anesthetic activity in fish (3,10).
Effects of monoterpenoid insecticides on [3H]-TBOB binding in house fly GABA receptor and 36Cl- uptake in American cockroach ventral nerve cord.
Saxton, In The Chemistry of Heterocyclic Compounds, The Monoterpenoid Indole Alkaloids, Wiley, New York, p.
Menthol is a monoterpenoid with antispasmodic, anti-inflammatory, antiviral and anti-ulcer properties, as well as irritant activity, and widely used in pharmaceuticals (Gimbo, Saita, Goncalves, & Takahashi, 2008; Simoes & Gomes, 2009).
A model analysis of the effects of nonspecific monoterpenoid storage in leaf tissues on emission kinetics and composition in Mediterranean sclerophyllous Quercus species.
1] Small amounts of other sesquiterpenoids ([beta]-sesquiphellandrene, bisabolene, and farnesene) and a small fraction of monoterpenoid ([beta]-phelladrene, cineol, and citral) have also been identified.
Depending on the origin and type of manufacturing method of rose water obtained from the sepals and petals of Rosa damascena from Central Iran through steam distillation, the following monoterpenoid and alkane components could be identified with GC-MS: Mostly citronellal, nonadecane, geraniol and phenyl ethyl alcohol, and also henicosane, 9nonadecen,eicosane, linalool, citronellyl .
Steam distilled carrot seed oil typically contains significant amounts of the sesquiterpene alcohol carotol (<67%) and the monoterpenoid ester geranyl acetate (<25%) (Figure 3), with highly variable amounts of the monoterpenoids alpha-pinene (2-25%), sabinene (<32%) and linalool (<6%), and of the sesquiterpenoids P-bisabolene (<16%) and daucol (<10%) (13,14,15,16) Three flavones, luteolin, luteolin 3'-O-P-D-glucopyranoside and luteolin 4'-O-P-D-glucopyranoside have been isolated from a methanol extract of carrot seed.