Oracles and Testimonia, edited and translated by Ronald E.
The Catafrygians were a third-century Montanist
sect who believed in the ordination of women, whether to the diaconate, priesthood, or episcopate.
Issues of interpretation are by no means lacking when working with material evidence, as when considering possible Montanist
associations of inscriptions throughout Asia Minor.
III); although, in view of Flavianus' marked antipathy to all but Montanist
literature, this account must be accepted with the most severe reserve.
The activity of the Montanist
prophetesses Priscilla and Maximilla, including their reception by the group that later prevailed as "orthodox," is a good example of this tension in the early church.
Tertulian, avocat, increstinat, preot spre sfarsitul vietii, eretic devenit montanist
, este primul scriitor latin crestin.
Like the Montanist
, an arrogant distinction was drawn between its superior members (The Elect) and the Outsiders (The Hearers).
In his entry on "Penitents," Broughton notes that, at one time, sinners who had committed one of these three sins performed a life-long, martyr-like penance, but were still denied readmission into the Church community--a direct link to Tertullian's Montanist
For a summary of bibliography, with particular reference to European scholarship, see Prinzivalli 2001: 221-225 (especially useful on the history of the text and its authorship, the interpretation of Perpetua's visions recorded in the Martyrdom, the possibility of Montanist
influence, and structure; add Bremmer 2002.
(Bruns 1984,462; see also Childs l979)--as well as in the New Testament controversies of the Third and Fourth Centuries A.D., when a restricted, orthodox canon triumphed over the texts and teachings of "heretics," Montanist
, Manichaean, and Gnostic alike.
The chapter closes with a summary of the criterion proposed, and a lengthy case-study, putting the criterion to work on sayings of Montanist